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Case Study: Methods•H0ney bee hives were sampled for nurse bees, drone larvae, pollen, and wax to determine pre-exposure, post-exposure, and residue persistence.•Compared the number of honeybees visiting flowers treated with 4 different fungicides•Pollen collected from pollen traps is being identified using a microscope and pollen reference library
Case Study: Goals/Outcome•Field-level exposure rates will be of value to toxicologists seeking to apply these rates in a controlled setting to look at effects on bee health.•I plan to develop and deliver educational material to growers for improving bloom time management practices for orchard disease management and pollination.
How Can You Help Bees?
Create Habitat!•Plant bee-friendly wild flower plantings in your yard•The primary goal is to have flowers blooming throughout the growing season•Include flowers of different shapes, sizes, and colors to attract different beesBee BalmBlack Eyed SusanCoreopsisCone FlowersGoldenrodsWild Lupine
Seriously, Planting Flowers Helps!!!•
Make a “Bee Hotel”
A “Bee Friendly Lawn” is Non-Traditional•Increase the mowing height on your lawn mower•Provides safer nesting sites for bees and promotes healthier roots of lawn plants•Reduce pesticide and fertilizer inputs•Stop spraying dandelions, for god’s sake!•Choose bunch-type turf grasses or native perennials that don’t require as many chemicals•Micro-clover lawns are a great alternative to traditional grasses
Support Government InitiativesGiven the breadth, severity, and persistence of pollinator losses, President Obama issued his June 20, 2014 Presidential Memorandum, “Creating a Federal Strategy To Promote the Health of Honey Bees and Other Pollinators”
Raise Awareness!•Tell your family and friends about the importance of bees and how they can help•Put signs out in your bee habitat to show off to your neighbors•Support local farmers and choose products that make bee-conscious farming decisions
Resources/Organizations•Michigan Pollinator Initiative (pollinators.msu.edu)•MSU Extension ()•Project ICP (icpbees.org) •MSU Beepalooza (beepalooza.org)•The Xerces Society (xerces.org)•Michigan Beekeepers Association (michiganbees.org)•MSU Bee Club (facebook.com/MSUBaileyBees)
Thanks for Listening!Email me with any additional questions:[email protected]Any Questions?