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DSST World Religion Notes

Exodus delivering the israelites from slavery in

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Exodus – delivering the Israelites from slavery in Egypt and bringing them home to Canaan, leader was Moses, after a series of plagues on the Egyptians; he succeeded in freeing the Israelites Passover – Jewish people commemorate this event (final plague upon Egypt was the death of every firstborn Egyptian child) angel of death passed over all the Jewish houses that had lamb’s blood on their door, the holiday is known as Passover Sedar Feast – during Jewish Passover, the whole family assembles and reads the Haggadah to retell the story of the Exodus and the purpose of the Passover, observed on the eve of the first or second day of Passover Mt Sinai – Moses communicated God’s laws to the Israelites, the ten absolute laws which are the basis of Jewish life. 40 years – Children of Israel were in the Sinai desert, at the end of the 40 years, Moses died. Joshua the son of Nun led them into the land of Canaan which was renamed Israel Pentateuch – first 5 books of the Bible – codifies laws that regulate Jewish life Kosher – ritually clean and acceptable, meaning “fit” or “proper” applies to food preparation Hebrew YHVH – when written in scripture Jews pronounce as “”Adonai” (Lord) “Jehovah”, any use of God’s name violates the 3 rd commandment, thou shall not take the Lords name in vain David – first effective king of the Israelites, King David captured the city of Jerusalem and made it his capital Jewish Monarchy - period know historically when David became King of Israelites Solomon (King David’s son) built a temple that housed the Ark of the Covenant, made the worship of Yahweh more formal, Israelite religion referred to as the temple cult. Israel was destroyed by Assyrians in 721 BC and was split in two, the northern nation remained Israel and the Israelites became the Ten Lost Tribes of Israel of Judah Judah – survived until 586 BC when the Babylonians conquered them and destroyed Solomon’s temple, however they maintained their religion and customs in captivity under Babylon Ezekiel and Isaiah, prophets, Isaiah changed the Israelites perspective, as Yahweh’s chosen people they spread the message to all the world Nehemiah and Ezra – restored Jerusalem after the Babylonian captivity, Ezra was a priest who brought a copy of the scriptures that he read to the citizens and caused them to reform their lives Dispora – refers to the dispersion of the Jews outside of Israel, when they were exiled to Babylonia, and the destruction of the Second Temple Rabbi replaced the Priest – after the destruction of the Second Temple, and became sole teachers of the Jewish people Synagogue replaced the Temple, means assembly, can exist anywhere there is a copy of the Scriptures and ten adult males Minyan – means “number” in Hebrew. Is the ten adult Jews that are required for certain prayers, this rule is laid down in the Mishnah, “They do not… lift their hands….with less than ten.”
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