Lecture1-HistoryOfCognitivePsychology.pptx

11 tenets of the behaviorist movement in its heyday

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11 Tenets of the Behaviorist Movement in its Heyday (approx. 1920-1960)
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- The environment shapes behavior exclusively . - All behavior arises from stimulus-response associations “written” on an initially blank mind ( tabula rasa ). 12 Tenets of the Behaviorist Movement in its Heyday (approx. 1920-1960)
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- The environment shapes behavior exclusively . - All behavior arises from stimulus-response associations “written” on an initially blank mind ( tabula rasa ). - Psychologists should attempt to measure only observable behavior , using rigorous controlled experimentation. 13 Tenets of the Behaviorist Movement in its Heyday (approx. 1920-1960)
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- The environment shapes behavior exclusively . - All behavior arises from stimulus-response associations “written” on an initially blank mind ( tabula rasa ). - Psychologists should attempt to measure only observable behavior , using rigorous controlled experimentation. - Everything interesting and worthwhile about humans can be learned from animals . 14 Tenets of the Behaviorist Movement in its Heyday (approx. 1920-1960)
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- The environment shapes behavior exclusively . - All behavior arises from stimulus-response associations “written” on an initially blank mind ( tabula rasa ). - Psychologists should attempt to measure only observable behavior , using rigorous controlled experimentation. - Everything interesting and worthwhile about humans can be learned from animals . - Since only behavior is important, there is no value in speculating about internal thoughts and feelings , and no need for psychologists to have any theories of the mind. 15 Tenets of the Behaviorist Movement in its Heyday (approx. 1920-1960)
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Problems With the Behaviorist Approach During WWII: Providing Practical Information About How Humans Process Uncertain Information (e.g., Sonar Signals) 16
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Judgment Outcome No submarine Submarine No submarine Submarine Correct Judgment Correct Judgment False Alarm (anxious for nothing) False Negative (submarine sinks ship) 17
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Judgment Actual Situation Innocent Guilty Innocent Guilty Correct Judgment Correct Judgment False Alarm (innocent person put in jail) False Negative (criminal put back on streets) 18
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Models of attention that were developed to understand and explain
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