-The homologus relationship – agni is a god you can address and conveys things between humans and gods-He is cooking fire and cremation fire and ritual fire3 [To the dead man:] May your eye go to the sun, your life’s breath to the wind. Go to the sky or to earth, as is your nature [dharma]; or go to the waters, if that is your fate. Take root in the plants with your limbs. -The individuals nature leading to different births (sky, water, earth) – all different possible rebirths
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-Idea of reincarnation is important in later vedas in the upanushads 4 [To Agni:] The goat is your share; burn him with your heat. Let your brilliant light and flame burn him. With your gentle forms, O knower of creatures, carry this man to the world of those who have done good deeds. 5 Set him free again to go to the fathers, Agni, when he has been offered as an oblation in you and wanders with the sacrificial drink. Let him reach his own descendants, dressing himself in a life-span. O knower of creatures, let him join with a body.Note: many of these themes continue to be present in contemporary Hindu funeral ceremonies (to be discussed shortly)Upanishadic Religion (ca. 800 - 600 BCE) → Note: also seen as VedasCollection of texts also seen as vedas-Divine in the same way and accepting them is a hallmark of being hindu Upanasha- legit means Lit., “secret teachings”-Characterized by dialogues of teacher and disciple -Form of text matches for of religious teaching Upanasha is the beginnings of renunciant religion → *sannyasa-Legit translates to The purification of everything -An individual can renounce their obligations and spend all their time seeking religious truth- the life of sannyasi -Predicated on the development and popularization in psychophysical practices (holding your body a certain way, mediating, denying the body, consuming only a small amount offood) Redefinition of Divinity- divine and human being reimagined in these texts *The Divine is Brahman (“the Undivided, Uncreated Absolute”)-We have a one all emcompassing god that is almost impossible to describe – use apatheticlanguage of denial- describe god by saying not this -it is the Ultimate form of sat, chit, and anada (Being, Awareness, and Bliss)- Brahman is the perfection of all 3 of those characteristics – it takes medative experiences of ones personal consciousness and divinizes them- the reason they can experience awareness and bliss is that they are experiencing a tiny part of brahman Debates: pantheistic [monistic] vs. panentheistic Upanishads-everything that exists in the world is permeated by the divine- pantheistic-brahman is a personal god which pervades everything that exists but is invested in the world panentheistic -he is the ground for all our experience of the world
-we don’t experience the world in the same way because of illusion Redefinition of human life- what is relationship between humans and godCyclical time and reincarnation (samsara- legit means to revolve)-
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