Challenges for 21st century engineers increasing pace

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Challenges for 21st Century Engineers Increasing pace of technological innovation The World is Flat Integration of Distributed Technology Changing demographics, expanding social infrastructure Environmental concerns increasingly important Meeting the Challenges
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Globalization “I speak Spanish to my God, Italian to women, French to men, & German to my horse, & Japanese to my boss” – Paraphrasing King Charles the 5th of Spain Three stages of globalization Globalization 1.0 – 1492 to 1800, focus was on countries Globalization 2.0 – 1800 to 2000, focus was multinational companies Globalization 3.0 – 2000 to …, focus on individuals & groups to collaborate & compete globally
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Flattener #1: 11/9/89 When the Walls Came Down and the Windows Went Up The fall of the Berlin Wall had far-reaching effects that tipped the balance of power toward free-market- oriented governance. Tipped the balance of power away from authoritarianism to free-market The Ten Forces That Flattened the World The Ten Forces That Flattened the World
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shifting us from a PC -based platform to an Internet-based platform. Flattener #2: 8/9/95 When Went Public People will change their habits quickly when they have a strong reason to do so, and people have an innate urge to connect with other people .” Marc Andreessen Co-founder of Mosaic (Netscape) The Ten Forces That Flattened the World The Ten Forces That Flattened the World
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Flattener #3: Work Flow Software Let’s Do Lunch: Have Your Application Talk to My Application WildBrain.com – Animation team spread all around the world. Physicians – X-rays taken in Bangor are read in Bangalore. We were not just communicating with each other more than ever, we were now able to collaborate – to build coalitions, projects, and products together – more than ever .” IBM Strategist Joel Cawley The Ten Forces That Flattened the World The Ten Forces That Flattened the World
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The Ten Forces That Flattened the World Flattener #4: Open-Sourcing Self-Organizing Collaborative Communities When you go to amazon.com, the first piece of software your web browser talks to is Apache. Apache is a shareware program for Web server technology. produced by a bunch of geeks working on-line in an open-source chat room constantly improved by its users and made available to anyone for free every bug or deviation from standards is constantly reviewed by users – the ultimate peer review and the open-source movement is growing. The Ten Forces That Flattened the World
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Flattener #5: Outsourcing Y2K Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Begun in 1951 under Nehru, there are now seven Very high standards; demanding workload; Can’t bribe your way in One of the greatest bargains America ever had – a brain drain that filled up in New Delhi and emptied in Palo Alto The Ten Forces That Flattened the World The Ten Forces That Flattened the World
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Flattener #6: Offshoring Running with Gazelles, Eating with Lions
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