Image sucrose wiki from the virtual cell biology

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Image: Sucrose , Wiki From the Virtual Cell Biology Classroom on ScienceProfOnline.com Chocolate Cake Boogers
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Monosaccharides Q: What is a monosaccharide ? Q: Name a monosaccharide. Disaccharides Q: What is a disaccharide ? Q: Name a disaccharide. Polysaccharides Q: What is a polysaccharide ? Q: Name a polysaccharide. Images: Glucose , Wiki; Sucrose , Wiki;, Starch , Wiki Carbohydrates - Organic Macromolecules From the Virtual Cell Biology Classroom on ScienceProfOnline.com
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Carbohydrates - Nutrition Present in fruits, vegetables and grains… essentially in plant matter, and low amounts in dairy. _______ carbs are not bad for you. They should be the type of food you eat the most of (45 – 65% of your daily food intake). Complex carbs more nutrient-rich and harder for your body to break down. They enter blood stream more slowly, and include fiber. Highly processed, refined carbs (such as sucrose) are like “pre-chewed” food, so are very easily digested. They quickly enter blood stream, and can cause levels of the hormone _______ to spike. Consuming too many refined carbs can increase your risk of Type 2 diabetes. Q: Lets list some complex carb and simple carb food sources on the board. Image: Vegetables , Gpics, Wiki; Grains , USDA; Fruits , Bill Ebbesen From the Virtual Cell Biology Classroom on ScienceProfOnline.com
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Carbohydrates - Fiber Also called “bulk” or “roughage”. Most are indigestible ___________________. There are two main types of fiber with different effects: insoluble fiber and soluble fiber . ______________________ improves elimination by increasing stool bulk, preventing constipation and decreasing risk of colon cancer. Foods high in insoluble fiber : legumes, whole grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts and seeds. ___________________ delays gastric emptying, slows absorption of glucose into the bloodstream and inhibits cholesterol absorption. Good sources of soluble fiber : Fruits, vegetables, oat bran, legumes, barley, nuts and seeds. The American Dietetic Association recommend 20 to 35 grams of total fiber each day. Most people get FAR LESS than this. Image: Vegetables , Gpics,USDA; Fruits , Bill Ebbesen From the Virtual Cell Biology Classroom on ScienceProfOnline.com
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Proteins - Organic Macromolecules Proteins are macromolecules, polymers composed of ____________ called _______________. Amino acids contain a 1. base amino group ( -NH 2 ) 2. acidic carboxyl group ( -COOH ) 3. hydrogen atom …all attached to same carbon atom (the α carbon…alpha carbon). Fourth bond attaches α -carbon to a side group (--R) that varies among different amino acids. There are hundreds, but most organisms use only 21 amino acids to build proteins. Side groups important … affects the way a protein’s amino acids interact with one another, and how a protein interacts with other molecules. From the Virtual Cell Biology Classroom on ScienceProfOnline.com
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Proteins - Organic Macromolecules Q: What kind of bonds link amino acids together?
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