Davis and moore have two weak responses to this o

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-Davis and Moore have two (weak) responses to thisoDavis amended the theory shortly after family structure will create a restraint on equal access to occupations Families in higher stratification are better able to access education and jobs for their childrenoThey argue that their original theory was theoreticalEmpirical Research on the Davis and Moore Theory-The theory makes specific predictions that can be tested though there are limitations when it comes to testing theseoAbrahamson: Looked at the proposition that the most important positions in society will be more highly rewarded. Ab. Argued that in some periods (e.g. war), the needs of society were altered e.g. military more functional during war than at peacetime. He measured functional importance by comparing three military positions from 1936-1967 (three wars) Davis and Moore thesis supported 11 out of 12 comparisonsoBut his study did not consider the scarcity of qualified workers, and the study does not show that more qualified personnel were attracted to these positions when pay was increased. And the fact that many industrial workers were involved in military production-Abrhamson also found that scarcity and importance of differing positions on major-league baseball teams are related to the pay of these positions; as predicted by Davis and Moore-But two other researchers (Broom and Cushing) found that their study on corporative executive income showed that the functional importance of corporative executives (measured by how many workers depend on the role) and the performance ofan executive (corporate profits and growth) were not related to income also corporates of industries assumed to be more important for society (e.g. steel, food, and drugs) were not paid more than corporates of companies less important to society (cosmetics, tobacco, etc.)oBroom and Cushing also found that certain jobs had a higher pay-scale due to “social closure”, the extent to which access to the occupation is relatively closed, creating an artificial shortage of people in the occupationParson’s Function Theory of Social Stratification-His work is abstract and theoretical so few empirical tests can be made-But, his work is considered to be the most important functional statement on all aspects of society ever made carries on Durkheim and Warner’s school of thought-Parsons argues that two sets of concepts are most important in helping us understand social stratificationo1) Status or honour is the most important dimension of social stratification People are evaluated or ranked by others in terms of how well they live up to the dominant values in the society meaning that there will be a hierarchy of status and honour in every societyHe considered wealth and power differences to be secondary to status and honour in terms of the common value system. Wealth and power are moreso symbols of achievement.
SOC395 MIDTERM #1 REVIEW SHEETo2) Thought that the common value system is what ensured functionally important roles were filled by competent people-

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