Groups at a higher genetic risk for alcoholism have a

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groups at a higher genetic risk for alcoholism have a less intensive subjective response to alcohol o Groups at a lower genetic risk for alcoholism have a more intense subjective response to alcohol o THEREFORE: Summary: less side effects = less intensive subjective response = higher genetic risk Though this may be true, they couldn't prove that because couldn't find pure Indian's and whether they were more genetically susceptible. So they couldn't prove that the degree of the Indian blood was a factor Problem: o assumption of Europeans that there's only one way to drink, behave while drunk and to sober up and any other way is deviant o Focus on the patterns and consequences of drinking led to erroneous assumptions regarding the people doing the drinking o Summary: they forgot to keep in mind that the way the aborig ppl drank was the way they were taught from the Europeans. Didn't really know any other ways to behave (obvi the classy euros weren't getting shitfaced with the aborig's so they learned from the unclassy people) The How and Why of Aboriginal Drinking: General explanations for aborig drinking expresses two themes: o Drinking is best understood as a product of historical forces including culture loss and social disintegration, as well as economic deprivation; aka the "acculturation/anomie/social disorganization paradigm " o Drinking should be seen as a cultural phenomenon related to pre-contact social organization and culture as well as behaviours learned from Europeans aka the "cultural continuity/integration paradigm" The Acculturation/Anomie/Social Disorganization Paradigm o Argument proven to have greatest resilience and emotional appeal Aborig's drink bc they've exp'd anomie and sociocultural disorganization as a result of colonization Many believe that rapid sociocultural change, esp. that resulting from increase contact with more cosmopolitan western influences led to increased rates of mental illness This implies that there was no mental illness in these societies before the intrusion of the western influences (Arcadian tradition) Edwin lemert one of the first to articulate this perspective: Northwest coast Indians had suffered deculturation along with less opportunities to engage in meaningful sociocultural and economic activities Thus the "inebriation of the Indian" is a symptom of mental disorder or emotional conflicts related to acculturation and family disorganization Drank bc bored and as an act of aggression, resistance or protest against authority Drinking was from the results of:
Innate psychological factors all mediated by historical processes such as acculturative stress: o Aborig's frustrated with their marginal existence o Grappling with feelings of inadequacy o Alcohol developed into a metaphor of hopelessness, defeat and escape from the historic circumstances o Some aborig were suffering from an extreme loss of self-respect and

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