In children minor delays in milestones in adults

This preview shows 29 out of 31 pages.

In children:  minor delays in milestones In adults:  slightly slower, somewhat smaller vocabs in each language There is also the issue of code switching : use words from one  language in sentence of the other language.  People say they can’t tell them  apart.  They totally can, and it’s totally normal.  Mainly they just know the  concept in one language.  Adults and kids do it.   Adult learning It can happen. But you will have an accent.  Also, there are many  other errors. These happen probably starting at the ages of 7-8.   What goes  wrong in adult learning Vocabulary- syntax and morphology Gender Proposition Conjugation Why is it so  hard? Maturation : something happens in your brain and you cant learn  language as children do.  Analgoy to zebra finches  if they don’t leanr  their song between 15-60 days, will never lean it. Motivation : maybe adults don’t care engouh to get it right.  They might  just make do with what they have, and don’t engage in practice enough. Interference : first language gets in the way.  You are optimized for fist  language.  Makes sense more for accents than for gender.   Experience : learning situation children are in its best.  They are forced to  speak it.  We haven’t learned to teach language most effectively to adults.  Cognition:  “less is more”.  Children think less than adults, so its easier to  just take in information.  Maybe if you have a brain that has less  information, they are better at taking just the detail that they need.   Cognitive  advantages of being  bilingual Better performance in cognitive control tasks: Simon task  you have to push a button that corresponds to a screen.  It is harder when it is incongruent, the button on the right corresponds to  picture on left.   Bilinguals are better in tasks that require rapid choice, inhibition of  irrelevenant information.  You have to CONSTANTLY use this kind of  cognitive control.  Later onset of dementia. Alzheimer’s patients, monolingual and bilingual  bilinguals have more  atrophied brains, they are doing more with less.  What is  thinking?!?! (not that  We think about thinking about making a decision based on possible  futures.  Or a search of your memory, where you put your stuff.  Or problem 
Image of page 29

Subscribe to view the full document.

anyone cares) solving.   Categorization Simple thinking.
Image of page 30
Image of page 31
You've reached the end of this preview.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern