defeat of colonialism. [In fact, the Algerian war was also a civil war between the FLN and an Arab-led party that was supported by the French.] “National consciousness alone is meaningless because the national bourgeois merely implements a single-party authoritarian system seeking to advance their power.” Interested in the state control of capital for their personal gain, they secure legitimacy through “prestige projects” like building fancy things around the state capital, just like before, the army and police are “pillars of the regime,” but now they are corrupt and manipulated by foreign advisors from the colonial country.
Fanon argues for the constructive, generative force of education as key liberation after the grim reality of colonial violence has been reckoned with. As necessary a response to colonial violence, violence catalyzes a new consciousness that is complete and humanizing, breaking free from the fragmentation of colonialism. Strategies for political education to build this consciousness include public information campaigns, and meetings amongst the masses that offer a space for people to speak, express themselves, innovate; in such meetings, the “brain multiplies association of ideas and eyes discover a wider human panorama.” People learn to use their brains and hearts instead of sweat and muscles. Nationalism was useful to rouse the masses against the oppressor, but it falls apart in the aftermath of independence in the absence of a broader social and political consciousness. Nationalism must very quickly be “explained, enriched, and deepened then turned into a social and political consciousness, into humanism”. He describes a “collective consciousness,” “enlightened and coherent praxis,” and “collective forging of a destiny” which restores human dignity, and that works towards a new, international, liberated human.
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- Spring '17
- bassel Salloukh
- Colonialism, national consciousness, national bourgeoisie