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Religion is a direct expression of group living, what is represented in impersonal force and personal god is group life Necessary to maintain society and religious beliefoPg. 350 “despite obvious failures… them perpetually”To regenerate society is to regenerate its representational image in the god or totemoPg. 351 “it arises from the fact… without society”Sacrifice Same thing as saying the gods would die, gods are the representation of society ***key paragraph to the bookoPg. 352 “to have a sound… it is society”Why the cult? Not just a matter of delusion, it needs to revive itself, needs to replenish itself – this is what the cults do Not just a fact but a moral force – commands us to do certain things and refrain from doing other things, does this in an imperative wayDo this not because we are afraid of being killed but because we respect that moral force that society surrounds us with
oPg. 252-353 “hence it is society… physical necessities”Plunge ourselves back into the social which renews our strength Book 3 – chapter 3Pg. 362 “the men who gather… early form of the…”Pg. 367 – magic born out of religion, makes clear separation between magic and religionoMagician has clientele and not part of the moral community oReligion has a church and a moral community Pg. 367 “we usually understand “cause”… but actualized”oCause comes out of experiences in society Pg. 376 “our immediate… upon its members”Pg. 369 “the idea of force… one in particular”oForce coming from within and without in relation to soul and spirit Pg. 369-370 “Furthermore, the idea of force… constitutes power”Pg. 370 “man feels he is a soul, and thus a force, because he is a social being”oHas a piece of social inside him or her Book 3 – chapter 4Pg. 382 “here then… to the collectivity”Pg. 385 “it is well known… works of art”oDiscussing play, games and art in relation to the social oArt overflows religious impulse itself Notion of getting together to recharge the social – notion of the festival oBottom of section 2, pg. 386“for this reason… and preoccupations”Pg. 390-391 “first and foremost…physical doing oCon means with oCoroboree - Reaffirmation of the group itselfoRite is an activity Book 3 – chapter 5 Pg. 392 “sad ceremonies… mourn one”Pg. 392-393 “”I propose… or sadness” oMourning is a typical example of a sad rite Sadness not only thing expressed during these ceremonies, anger is also there Pg. 400 “mourning is not… emotional states”oSomething moral, we are required to do it even though we don’t want to do it
When someone dies there is a fear that his or her ghost will return as an evil spirit that will wreck havoc on those mourningPg. 402 “how does it happen… comprehensible”Pg. 403 “when an individual… him on occasion” oNotion of moral forcing of individual to conform oIndividual becomes an evil spirit because the group is diminished by the death Pg. 404-405 “we see that this… he is mourned”oWhy mourning leaves the idea of the soul out of accounto