Christianity may be offered as a concrete example of a shared worldview that is rooted in religious conviction. At the heart of the Christian worldview are certain core beliefs that have been shared by Christians since the days of Jesus Christ’s earthly ministry. Shared worldviews relate to a major world religion such as Islam, Judaism, or Buddhism but nonreligious convictions may also provide abasis for shared worldview. A philosophy like naturalism or a political ideology like Marxism, for example, can provide a substantial basis of shared understandings and convictions.Chapter ReviewMain IdeasWorldview is the foundational set of assumptions to which one commits, which serves as a framework for understanding and interpreting reality and deeply shapes one’s behavior. People behave as they do because they believe certain truth claims.Everyone has a worldview. Each person builds his or her beliefs on the foundation of worldview, each person interprets reality through the lens of worldview, and each person attempts to fit beliefs together according to the puzzle-box picture of worldview. Worldview tells a story of reality through which one explains the world.Worldviews can be described as both private and shared. Private worldview describes one’s personal convictions about reality and shared worldview describes the shared convictions of a community.Worldview is supported by both faith and reason. Every worldview requires both faith and reason.Key TermsAssumption:An underlying belief that is presupposed or presumed in advance of carefulreason and reflection.Faith:The process of committing to particular presuppositions; the act of trusting in Jesus Christ to define one’s self, which constitutes a transformation of a person’s spirit from selfishness to selflessness.
Private worldview:The formation of a worldview as shaped by an individual’s life story,experience, society, culture, and relationships, and therefore expressed by individualized language, belief, and practice.Reason:The process of evaluating, and then supporting, modifying, or rejecting particular presuppositions.Shared worldview:The formation of a worldview as shaped by a community of thinkersand practitioners across times and places, and therefore expressed by shared language, beliefs, and practices.Worldview:A foundational set of assumptions to which one commits that serves as a framework for understanding and interpreting reality and deeply shapes one’s behavior.CHAPTER 2 -Worldviews in CompetitionoPeople tend to hold their worldview commitments with what may be called universal intent, meaning they do not think of their deepest convictions as merely applying to themselves in a personal and private way.