Until that time they had been considered members of tribal nations whose

Until that time they had been considered members of

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Until that time, they had been considered members of tribal nations whose relations with the U.S. government were determined by treaties. They also were denied political and social rights, the government banned the use of native languages and religious rituals, sent Indian children to boarding schools and gave them non-Indian names. United Farm Workers Strike of 1965. Cesar Chavez led a strike of the United Farm Workers union against growers in California. Eventually, in combination with national boycott, it resulted in somewhat better pay, working conditions, and housing for farm workers. Americans with Disabilities Act. The law extends the protections embodied in the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to people with physical or mental disabilities, including people with AIDS, alcoholism, and drug addiction. It guarantees them access to employment, transportation, public accommodations, and communication services. Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell policy. The policy that enables gays and lesbians to serve openly in the U.S. military. Nineteenth Amendment. Nineteenth Amendment: the amendment to the Constitution, adopted in 1920, that ensures the women of the right to vote. 28
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Equal Rights Amendment (reasons for failure). Equal Rights Amendment [ERA]: a failed constitutional amendment introduced by the National Women’s Party in 1923, declaring that “equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State on account of sex.” Reasons for Failure: It was three states short of adoption. Its proponents mounted a national campaign to generate approval, while its opponents organized state-based anti-ERA campaigns. Proponents exaggerated the amendment’s effect, only giving ammunition to their opponents. Example: the puffed-up claim that the amendment would make wife and husband equally responsible for their family’s financial support. As opposition grew stronger, state legistlators and lawmakers ducked once realizing the amount of risk involved. CASE ISSUE KEY FACTS DECISION Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971) Chapter 15 1st Amendment Establishment Clause State program that would have helped pay the salaries of teachers hired by parochial schools to give instruction in secular subjects. The program did not satisfy the last prong the government would have had to monitor the program constantly > excessive entanglement with religion. Supreme Court struck down the Pennsylvania law that provided funding for non-religious teachers salaries. Created the Lemon Test ; in order for a law to not violate the Establishment Clause, a law must: Have a significant secular purpose (such as lending books to parochial school students). Be neutral (not advance or inhibit a religion). Not foster excessive entanglement between 29
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government and religion. Laws have to be SNEE: S ecular, N eutral, N o E xcessive E ntanglement. Sherbert v. Verner (1963) Chapter 15 1st Amendment Free Exercise Clause Court sided with Sherbert . Court said state denying her unemployment was unconstitutional due to it creating a burden on free exercise of religion.
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  • Spring '17
  • UNKNOWN
  • Government, United States Congress, ​ immunity

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