For the slovak republic selection procedures have

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For the Slovak Republic selection procedures have been defined by the 2004 Law, so no change is expected in the foreseeable future. In Turkey a new regulation is under study and both instruments may be chosen. For broadcasting frequencies in France , the Conseil supérieur de l'audiovisuel is in favour of maintaining the existing legislation in order to preserve the balance between free frequencies and strict legal obligations on contents (advertising restrictions, investment quotas, as well as quantity and quality obligations on broadcast programs). 8.2 Increasing use of auctions It should be noted that Austria, Cyprus, Estonia, Germany, Netherlands, Norway and the United Kingdom , who have used auctions in the past, see those as the default assignment instruments in case of scarcity of resources for the future, in particular as they provide a more objective and transparent means of assigning spectrum. Norway , like Sweden , reported that auctions are easier to run and less “troublesome” than beauty contests. All this indicates that auctions will be used more in the future. Only for broadcasting frequencies may beauty contests still be used in most of the above countries, in order to fulfil specific cultural goals in particular. Finland, Ireland, Lithuania and Portugal, on the other hand, will continue to use beauty contests. In France , the use of auction is not currently foreseen.
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8.3 Potential improvements to auction design Some countries, however, consider improvements or modifications to the way auctions have been designed. For Estonia , electronic means (including e-signature) for bidding are being considered for future auctions and the level of the first bid is being given careful attention, taking into account the value of spectrum and market conditions. Germany may consider bidding via internet or separate data lines in future auctions. The Netherlands will favour simpler logistics, more use of combined, hybrid assignment methods in case of broadcast licenses and the offering of smaller lots in auctions, enabling bidding parties to decide themselves on the extent of their licenses The Czech Republic foresees substantial changes only in relation to a broad implementation of spectrum trading, beauty contests having been preferred so far and no change being foreseen yet. 8.4 Choice of future assignment instruments on a case-by-case basis For France, Switzerland and the United Kingdom the choice of auctions or beauty contests in the future will continue to be done on a case-by-case basis, depending on the type of spectrum to be assigned and policy objectives pursued via the assignment. The key lesson to be drawn from the UK auctions is the need for careful design and planning, with scrupulous attention to detail in formulating auction rules and administrative procedures and in informing and training bidders. Although auctions are considered the default mechanism for awarding licences in the UK, alternative mechanisms will be considered where appropriate.
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