Diet nutrition is extremely important in treating and

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Diet. Nutrition is extremely important in treating and managing diabetes. Although basic nutritional education for diabetes can be provided, it is recommended that every person diagnosed with diabetes have a referral to specialist trained in provided medical nutrition therapy specific to each person. Each person should be assessed and their specific preferences and eating patterns, including personal traditions, cultures, and religious beliefs should be taken into account when formulating a nutrition plan. There is no “magic” diabetes diet that works for every person, but there are a few that can help tremendously until a proper individualized diet can be made. The Mediterranean diet is one that is recommended, and not only will it help reduced Mr. Jones’s A1C, but it will also help reduce the risk for heart disease which he is at a high risk for right now with his hyperlipidemia (American Diabetes Association, 2019). The Mediterranean diet is heavily plant based and consist of daily intake of fruits, vegetables, nut, bean, and whole grains. It does also include seafood and a moderate amount of eggs, poultry, and dairy products. Red meat can still be consumed but only on rare occasion (Esposito, Maiorino, bellastella, panagiotakos, & Guigliano, 2017). This diet can serve the purpose of managing both Mr. Jones’s diabetes and his hyperlipidemia.Exercise. Exercise recommendations for patient with diabetes focuses on losing weight. Mr. Jones is not only overweight but also has issues with is cholesterol putting him at risk for heart disease. An exercise plan recommended by the American Heart Association will serve both the purpose of losing weight as improve physical health. Recommendations for exercise include a minimum of 150 minutes a week of moderate exercise which breaks down to no less than 30 minutes a day, five times a week. This includes walking at a brisk pace, riding a bike, treading water or other outdoor chores that requires continues activity (American Heart Association, 2019). One thing that Mr. Jones should be aware of is his blood sugar before and after exercising. Physical activity can affect blood sugar and cause it to drop
CASE STUDY9depending on the length and intensity of the activity. This can occur up to 24 hours after the physical activity as occurred, so it is important for Mr. Jones to check is blood sugar before and periodically after he has exercised (American Diabetes Association, 2018). Another factor that Mr. Jones should take into account is the trouble that he is having with his knees. When Mr. Jones goes to exercise he should perform exercises that are low impact on the joints of his knees. Examples of low impact exercises that Mr Jones could do include walking which he already does, swimming, cycling, and using an elliptical or rowing machine. Other option that can be helpful are Tai Chi and Yoga.

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