ECE _DSST _ Human Resource MGMT

Acme office machines is opening a new factory and

Info icon This preview shows pages 22–24. Sign up to view the full content.

Acme Office Machines is opening a new factory and administers an employment test to 100 majority applicants (white males) and 50 pass the test and are hired. Under the four-fifths rule, if 100 minority applicants take the same test, how many of the minority applicants must pass and be hired for Acme to avoid charges of discrimination by the EEOC? 40 The answer is 40 because 80 percent of 50 equals 40. (50 X .8) = 40
Image of page 22

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

The Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1986 (COBRA) requires that employers must offer to employees, their spouses and dependents whose employment has been terminated health coverage for a period of between 18 and 36 months at the same price the employers would have to pay. This is to ensure that employees and their families continue to enjoy health care at a reduced cost, even if they are paying it themselves, until the employee finds new employment . The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 mandates that employers with more than 50 employees must offer their employee up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave in a 12 month period for the birth and care of a child, adoption or foster placement of a child, care of an immediate family member or severe health condition of the employee. These are the provisions of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA). The Older Workers Benefit Protection Act of 1990 prohibits age-based discrimination with respect to the application of early retirement and other benefit plans. The Older Workers Benefit Protection Act (OWBPA) prohibits such age-based discrimination. Private pension plans are federally regulated by ERISA (5-letter acronym). ERISA (Employee Retirement Income Security Act) is the Act that regulates private pension plans through set standards and controls. However, it does not mandate that employers provide a pension plan. According to the rules in ERISA, after employees meet a specific minimum number of years of service, their pension plans must provide them with vested rights in their accrued benefits. This ensures that employees, regardless of their employment status at the time of retirement, are guaranteed the accrued benefits. The exception is where the benefit amount is small and so the employer can pay out the vested benefits when the employee leaves . ERISA (Employee Retirement Income Security Act) is administered by the IRS, the Department of Labor and the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC). The role of the PBGC is to ensure that the minimum guaranteed benefits are paid to employees when the plan is terminated. The PBGC is funded by employers. The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) applies to all employers and employees except the federal government, the state, or political subdivision of the state. This is the exception made in the Act. However, each federal agency is required to set up and observe a health and safety program which is monitored by the Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Administration.
Image of page 23
Image of page 24
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern