J McShea H B Underwood and J H Rappole eds The science of over abundance deer

J mcshea h b underwood and j h rappole eds the

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J. McShea, H. B. Underwood and J. H. Rappole (eds.). The science of over-abundance: deer ecology and population managment. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. AND S. L. SOLHEIM. 1988. Forests too deer: edge effects in northern Wisconsin. Conserv. Biol., 2:348-358. ANDERSON, R. C. 1994. Height of white-flowered trillium (Trillium grandiflorum) as an index of deer browsing intensity. Ecol. Appl., 4:104-109. ,AND 0. L. LoucKS. 1979. White-tail deer (Odocoileus virginianus) influence on structure and composition of Tsuga canadensis forests. J. Appl. Ecol., 16:855-861. AUGUSTINE, D. J. AND L. E. FRELICH. 1998. Effects of white-tailed deer on populations of an understory forb in fragmented deciduous forests. Conserv. Biol., 12:995-1004. AND P. A. JORDAN. 1998. Evidence for two alternate stable states in an ungulate grazing system. Ecol. Appl., 8:1260-1269. BALDWIN, I. T. 1990. Herbivory simulations in ecological research. 7Trends Ecol. Evol., 5:91-93. BALGOOYEN, C. P. AND D. M. WALLER. 1995. The use of Clintonia borealis and other indicators to gauge impacts of white-tailed deer on plant communities in northern Wisconsin. Nat. Areas J., 15: 308-318. BEHREND, D. F., G. F. MATTFIELD, W. C. TIERSON AND J. E. WILEY, III. 1970. Deer density control for comprehensive forest management. J. For., 68:695-700. 22 146(1) This content downloaded from 128.62.178.17 on Wed, 20 Mar 2013 20:36:49 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions
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RUSSELL ET AL.: WHITE-TAILED DEER BOERNER, R. E. J. AND J. A. BRINKMAN. 1996. Ten years of tree seedling establishment and mortality in an Ohio deciduous forest complex. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 123:309-317. BOWERS, M. A. 1997. Influence of deer and other factors on an old-field plant community, p. 310-326. In: W.J. McShea, H. B. Underwood and J. H. Rappole (eds.). The science of overabundance: deer ecology and population management. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. ,AND C. F. SACCHI. 1991. Fungal mediation of a plant-herbivore interaction in an early succes- sional plant community. Ecology, 72:1032-1037. BRAMBLE, W. C. AND M. K. GODDARD. 1943. Seasonal browsing of woody plants by white-tailed deer in the bear oak forest type. J. For, 41:471-475. BUCKLEY, D. S., T. L. SHARIK AND J. G. ISEBRANDS. 1998. Regeneration of northern red oak: positive and negative effects of competitor removal. Ecology, 79:65-78. BUTTERWORTH,J. S. AND W. M. TZILKOWSKI. 1990. Understory response to heavy thinning in oak stands with and without deer exclosures. J. Penn. Acad. Sci., 64:81-84. CAMPBELL, J. M. 1993. Effects of grazing by white-tailed deer on a population of Lithospermum caroli- niense at Presque Isle. J Penn. Acad. Sci., 67:103-108. CANHAM, C. D., J. B. MCANINCH AND D. M. WOOD. 1994. Effects of the frequency, timing and intensity of simulated browsing on growth and mortality of tree seedlings. Can. J. For Res., 24:817-825. CASE, D. J. AND D. R. MCCULLOUGH. 1987. The white-tailed deer of North Manitou Island. Hilgardia, 55:1-57. CATLING, P. M. AND B. M. H. LARSON. 1997. The decline and current status of the dune race of Dwarf Cherry, Prunus pumila var.
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