while utilising the tools, methods, and strategies that help them in managing the multifacetedwork.The bill of quantities, also known as the “BoQ” is a construction document, which isprepared by the construction consultant, which provides specific and quantifiable items ofwork in terms of the proposed development, forms of contracts, design information, andspecifications of the master programme. Moreover, the measurement of these quantities canbe done in number, area, length, and time. The bill of quantities is issued in order to form apricing strategy for the processes involved in the work. These help tenderers in the estimation
Construction Management 45of construction costs for the tender. Moreover, it involves specifications and drawings whileproviding a precise and accurate system for tendering. The documents of the constructioncontract include the details of the agreement among the employer and the contractoraccording to which the contract defines the terms and conditions describing the flow of workto be carried out while identifying the commercial risks which are involved among thecontracting stakeholders. The scope of work is represented by the drawings, which accuratelydescribe the quantity and quality of work for pricing. Additionally, the bills of quantities areused for tendering which becomes part of the contract documents. However, the pricedcontract bills may require to be adjusted for integrating the amendments after the tender needfor further design and development, negotiations and decision-making in terms of costreductions in case the tender exceed the project budget.Most of the building contracts changes which can cause a variety of reasons where theoriginal specification and design is changed according to the contract terms. The standardisedform of the contract provides the idea of additional work, which is to be done describing therelevant rates of bills. Furthermore, the varied work is similar in nature and is to be carriedout under different conditions.
Construction Management 46[P2.1] Main Purpose of Specification Writing in the Construction and Built EnvironmentIntroductionThe specification describes the materials and work that needs to be developed orrequired in construction. They do not include costs, quantities or information, and thereforethey must be read by other information such as quantities, timetables and drawings.Specifications vary greatly depending on the stage of the project developed from the results(open specification) requires more design work for specific scripts (as scripts closed) whenthe project is already completed. Estimates or drawings include a graphic or visualrepresentation of the work involved. Specifications include written descriptions of the qualityof materials, processes and work that are necessary to complete the work in a way that isacceptable to the owner.