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The new mall built nearby has drawn more young, inexperienced drivers to the area.Correct. Because “secret impulses” in drivers are nearly impossible to prove or disprove, this explanation for the increase in car accidents can be regarded as an unfalsifiablehypothesis. For the otherexplanations, it is possible to imagine a situation where the hypothesis could be proven false, so therefore they are all falsifiable hypotheses.MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONTyler and Grace water their amaryllis plant regularly, yet for some reason the plant withers and dies. Tyler suggests, “Maybe there was some peculiar property of this particular amaryllis that caused water molecules to react with the soil molecules and chemically change intoarsenic molecules, and the arsenic poisoned the plant.”
Which of the following is one of the drawbacks of Tyler’s proposed explanation? It is consistent with what science knows about chemical reactions involving water molecules.*Correct It confuses correlation and causation by assuming that watering the plant had something to do with its death. It is too simple and doesn’t make enough assumptions about how water molecules behave. It contradicts itself by claiming that water both helped the plant and hurt the plant at the same time.Correct. In addition to being inconsistent with scientific knowledge and overly complicated, Tyler’s explanation mixes up correlation and causation. There may be a correlation between watering the plant and its death, but thatdoesn’t mean that one actually caused the other.