Vedas and Upanishads sources of prayers that guide Hindus Rig Veda Baghavad

Vedas and upanishads sources of prayers that guide

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Vedas and Upanishads sources of prayers that guide Hindus Rig Veda Baghavad Gita Patriarchal Sati Women could not achieve moksha Always will serve as a continuity in India (especially in the south) Traveled to SE Asia- Angkor Wat Buddhism Symbols include the endless knot and the wheel Spawned out of Hinduism like Christianity out of Judaism Founder was Siddhartha Gautama (6th century BCE) Four Noble Truths- life is suffering Follow the Eightfold path-right conduct/meditation Nirvana (peace/bliss)- comparable to Moksha in Hinduism Appealed especially to the poor since nirvana could be achieved in one lifetime Offers a monastic life for men and women (like Christianity) Universalizing Religion (like Christianity and Islam) Easily adapted to other cultures Ashoka- spread Buddhism and kept it from dying out Silk Road spread Buddhism to China Also spread to Southeast Asia- Angkor Wat (both Hindu and Buddhist) China Confucianism Developed during the Warring State period Emphasis on education, respect, reciprocity, virtue and order Filial piety Respect for elders, respect a child should show for parents Five Relationships: Ruler to ruled, Father to Son, Husband to Wife, Elder brother to younger brother, friend to friend Embraced by governments as ruler superior to ruled Civil Service Exam based on Confucian Analects Government bureaucracy based on merit Allowed for the possibility of social mobility Patriarchal society develops as a husband superior to wife Eventually see foot binding Eventually combines with Buddhism to form Neo-Confucianism during the Tang dynasty Daoism
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Founder Laozi Harmony with nature Influence on Chinese culture with chemists, botanists and astronomers Legalism Philosophy of Shi Huangdi and Qin dynasty (221BCE) Terra cotta warriors and great wall Axial Age Confucius, Buddha and Laozi all around the same time Jesus around 400 years after these thinkers Mohammed around 1000 years after these thinkers Middle East Judaism First great monotheistic faith/ Influenced Christianity and Islam Covenant with God Founder Abraham Follow the laws of Moses in the Torah Christianity Developed out of Judaism Jesus Crucified under the Roman Empire Universalizing religion (like Buddhism and Islam) Offers a monastic lifestyle (like Buddhism) Spread of Christianity Paul, Roman roads Spread through Mediterranean world through trade, war, migration Roman Empire embraces Christianity Constantine issued the Edict of Milan (stopped persecution) Theodosius makes it official religion in 380 CE Western Rome falls in 476 CE, Christianity will be a continuity in Europe (like Hinduism in India) Trade Networks China Confucianism Developed during the Warring State period Emphasis on education, respect, reciprocity, virtue and order Filial piety
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