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1)Marsh had lots of mosquitos which carried diseases.2)James River a Tidal river, so backed up 2x a day w/salt water.3)Greed meant many searching for riches instead of farming.4)Hygiene was a problem and no steps taken for clean living.Only one to bring colonists together was John Smith. He established order through martial law and compelled colonists tofarm. Some say Smith was forced back to England, others say he had a gunpowder “accident.” Either way, colony got infusionof new men, but relatively leaderless until 1611.Almost abandoned in 1611, but got series of new governors through 1616.Who helped save Virginia Company by developing milder variety of tobacco? John Rolfe
Many of these people came as indentured servants. What was that? Someone paid their passage and they worked 7 years to pay that off.Why so few?
1)Many died from disease2)Bad water3)Indian Attacks1624 King dissolved Virginia Co. and created Virginia the Royal Colony.Virginians continued to plant tobacco, and killed Indians as they pushed their way North & South. All civilization along coast, or up and down navigable rivers. Not so much urban, as isolated plantations.Bacon’s Rebellion:After 1660 Virginia felt economic slump as tobaccos prices fell and Navigation Acts took profits. Hurricane destroyed one crop, the Dutch captured another. Then in 1675 Indians killed some colonists. Instead of attacking, the Governor Berkeley tried to build a string of forts and patrol to keep natives out. How did the colonists react to that? Indians attack and try to teacha lesso n.Nathaniel Bacon would have none of that, and stepped forward to lead an army against any hostile Indians. Just wanted
commission. Berkeley refused, so Bacon lead and killed Indians anyway! Berkeley tried to restrain Bacon, so finally Bacon rebelled, plundered and burned Jamestown. Berkeley escaped and got help from London Tobacco Fleet in Delaware. King sent troops, but already quelled when they arrived.MarylandNot many gave much hope to Maryland. Originally founded by Sir George Calvert, Lord Baltimore, as a haven for Catholics in 1632.