Question 4.4. An older adult female patient has presented with a new onset of shortness of breath, and the patient's nurse practitioner has ordered measurement of her BNP levelsalong with other diagnostic
tests. What is the most accurate rationale for the nurse practitioner's choice of blood work? (Points : 3) BNP is released as a compensatory mechanism during heartfailure and measuring it can help differentiate the patient's dyspnea from a respiratory pathology.BNP is an indirect indicator of the effectiveness of the RAA system in compensating for heart failure.BNP levels correlate with the patient's risk of developing cognitive deficits secondary to heart failure and consequent brain hypoxia.BNP becomes elevated in cases of cardiac asthma, Cheyne-Stokes respirations, and acutepulmonary edema, and measurement can gauge the severity of pulmonary effects. Question 5.5. A patient in the intensive care unit has a blood pressure of 87/39 and has warm, flushed skin accompanying his sudden decline in level of consciousness. The patient also has arterial and venous dilation and a decrease in systemic vascular resistance. What is this patient's most likely diagnosis? (Points : 3) Question 6.6. A number of patients have presented to the emergency department in the last 24 hours with complaints that are preliminarily indicative of myocardial infarction. Which of the following patients is least likely to have an ST-segment myocardial infarction (STEMI)? (Points :3)
Question 7.7. A 54-year-old man with a long-standing diagnosis of essential hypertension is meeting with his nurse practitioner. The patient's nurse practitioner would anticipate that which of the following phenomena is most likely occurring? (Points : 3)
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- Summer '19