Can still bind corp mahlandt p237 adopted by

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Declarant does NOT NEED PERSONAL KNOWLEDGE.  Can still bind corp.   Mahlandt   (p.237)  Adopted by declarant and have sporting theory of justice which  will let us get to truth of matter.  If not adopted but just relayed, probably not  allowed.  "Clark told me the wolf bit the child" vs. "Clark told me the wolf bit the  child, but I do not believe it." e. BOOTSTRAPPING OK - Statement asserting that "I was an agent during accident "  to prove one was an agent at time of event is OK.  Normally cannot use that  statement until first proven that he was an agent during the accident.  Even though  using the statement, which normally is conditioned on first proving agency, to prove  agency, Rule 104(a) allows judge to consider all evidence to decide if should go to  jury.  If after considering statement plus other independent evidence of agency judge decides that a reasonable jury could find agency due to preponderance of evidence,  will let it go to jury. f. Hearsay within Hearsay - must have exception for each hearsay statement.  Rule  805. 7. COCONSPIRACY STATEMENT  - Rule 801(d)(2)(E) a. Requirements i. statement by a coconspirator of a party. ii. statement made during course of conspiracy. iii. statement made in furtherance of the conspiracy. 1)"Idle Chatter" does not further conspiracy. 2)Post arrest statement does not further conspiracy. 3)Underlying truth of statements may not be important.  Just use the fact that  statements were said to prove conspiracy. b. Preliminary facts proving that a conspiracy existed and that statements were made  during and in furtherance of the conspiracy under this rule must be proved by a  preponderance of the evidence.  Bourjaily  (p. 244) c. BOOTSTRAPPING OK - Statements asserting the very fact on which their  admissibility depends, i.e. existence of conspiracy, can be considered with  independent evidence to determine if conspiracy existed and therefore statements  should be deemed non-hearsay.  See Rule 104(a).  Bourjaily   Although out-of-ct  statement is presumed unreliable, the statement, plus other evidence, may together  prove reliability of statement.  JUDGE MAKES THIS DECISION. 15
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Advantages to Letting Judge Decide i.  If jury decided condition of conspiracy, chance that conviction could be based  on hearsay that judge thought fell outside of exception.  If let judge decide,  statements are allowed only where proof of conspiracy is substantial. Disadvantages of Letting Judge Decide ii. More likely to send case to the jury with instructions to disregard coconspirator  statements.  (Tough for jury to follow) iii. Judge and jury could reach conflicting decisions on whether conspiracy existed  or not.  (p.254, n.6b) d.
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