Note the concept of know yourself is ascribed to

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Note: the concept of Know Yourself, is ascribed to Socrates who once said: “If your life remains unexamined, it is not worth living.”However, unlike al-Razi, they proclaimed with enthusiasm that it was possible to unite philosophical and religious truths, and that Greek philosophy compliments all religion, including Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. Question: how are they different from al-Kindi then? – Didn’t ignore Greek philosophy when it didn’t align itself with Islam. Al-Farabi and Ibn Sina: Now we get to the giants of Arab philosophy: Ibn Sina and his teacher Al-Farabi, and a third philosophers on the Arab West, Ibn Rushd. Al-Farabi (died 950) developed a philosophical and ethical Muslim worldviewthat he derived from Greek philosophy. Ibn Sina (d. 1037) picked after him but went much further. Both philosophers formulated theories about the origination of the universe,but were in direct conflict with the Qur’anic and biblical concept of creation ex nihilo (from nothing)Also, they spoke about the vocation of a human being as purely intellectual, her/his ultimate goal being “contact” “al-ittisal” with the active intellect. Thecontact is the intelligent agency between God and humans. The “contact” would ensure the human beings’ “spiritual immortality”. This concept of Itissal was in variance with the Qur’anic doctrine of completedeath and complete resurrection of humans. Ibn Sina went much further than Farabi. He grounded his thoughts in al-Farabi and in Greek philosophy, but produced a more complex system of ideas in theology and philosophy. To him every human soul yearns for the open spaces of the higher and intelligible world. Here Ibn Sina expressed dissatisfaction with the Greek method of direct speculation that lacks 31
spirituality; instead he associated himself with ancient wisdom of Persia and India, and he called it Ishraw, or illumination. Arabic Culture – Nov. 26Philosophy is a Greek word, philo Sophos, it means “love of wisdom”, “a disinterested and relentless search for truth” or “mother of all knowledge” 5. Arab -Anti-PhilosophersAmid the giant Arab philosophical current that seemed to be weakening Muslim dogma, another anti-philosophy current developed. It included Muslim theologians and scholars who suspected the study of philosophy, and regarde it as a threat to Islam that should be stopped. Their argument was that arab philosophers defernse of Greek philosophy advocated a strictly rationalist approach to the truth. But this approach rendered revekation from God as superfluous. Therefore philosophy in their opiniton is irreconcilable with Islamic doctrine. Their attach against arab ohiosophers became progressively more……..-Al-Ghazali (d. 1111) launched the most devastating attack against philosophy. He was remarkable theological philosopher who wrote a serious critiques of philosophy and arab philosophers.

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