Collectively these documents reveal a few things

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Collectively, these documents reveal a few things. First, that there was no standard way to gather ethnographic information, which in turn implies that there was no standard format of racial categories. Second, the ideology of racial equality was still very much a matter of rhetoric. In other words, acceptance of a Black presence in Veracruz did not automatically imply an acceptance of Blacks. Finally, these sources provide a small glimpse into the physical presence of people of African descent. The fact that many of the “mulattos” in these documents were alive in the colonial period, suggests that, whether willingly or not, these individuals were being described by the same racial status that they would have had in the colonial period. Conversely, based on this evidence, one can only imagine that Black Mexicans who were born after Independence and who did not possess strong African physical characteristics, would be identified as part of the racially-mixed masses. But it is precisely this definition of “Mexican” that was being debated and shaped in the nineteenth century. Works Cited Florescano, Enrique. Historia de las historias de la nación Mexicana (México: Taurus, 2007) Gilbert M. Joseph and Timothy J. Henderson. The Mexico Reader : History, Culture, Politics. Durham :Duke University Press, 2002. Print. Sierra, Justo. Mexico: Its Social Evolution, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Mexico: J. Ballesca & Co., Successor, 19001902)
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