By the 21st century several U.S. manga publishers had begun to produce work by U.S. artists under the broad marketing-label of manga.In 2002 I.C. Entertainment, formerlyStudio Ironcatand now out of business, launched a series of manga by U.S. artists called Amerimanga.In 2004 eigoMANGAlaunched the Rumble Pakand Sakura Pakkanthology series. Seven Seas Entertainmentfollowed suit with World Manga.Simultaneously, TokyoPop introduced original English-language manga(OEL manga) later renamed Global Manga.Francophone artists have also developed their own versions of manga (manfra), like Frédéric Boilet's la nouvelle manga. Boilet has worked in France and in Japan, sometimes collaborating with Japanese artists.Awards
The Japanese manga industry grants a large number of awards, mostly sponsored by publishers, with the winning prize usually including publication of the winning stories in magazines released by the sponsoring publisher. Examples of these awards include:the Akatsuka Awardfor humorous mangathe Dengeki Comic Grand Prixfor one-shot mangathe Japan Cartoonists Association Awardvarious categoriesthe Kodansha Manga Award(multiple genre awards)the Seiun Awardfor best science fiction comic of the yearthe Shogakukan Manga Award(multiple genres)the Tezuka Awardfor best new serial mangathe Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prize(multiple genres)The Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairshas awarded the International Manga Awardannually since May 2007.University educationKyoto Seika Universityin Japan has offered a highly competitive course in manga since 2000.Then, several established universities and vocational schools(専門学校: Semmon gakkou) established a training curriculum.Shuho Sato, who wrote Umizaruand Say Hello to Black Jack, has created some controversy on Twitter. Sato says "Manga school is meaningless because those schools have very low success rates. Then, I could teach novices required skills on the job in three months. Meanwhile, those school students spend several million yen, and four years, yet they are good for nothing." and that, "For instance, Keiko Takemiya, the then professor of Seika Univ., remarked in the Government Council that 'A complete novice will be able to understand where is "Tachikiri" (i.e., margin section) during four years.' On the other hand, I would imagine that, It takes about thirty minutes to completely understand that at work."
DRAFTIn the context of comic books. Here it is best to list all products or group lines, for preteen girls and some for college guys, If you cannot split your comic book product lines because you don’t know where they fit, these are hints that you’re in troublealready.