2 examples a court transcripts order committing d

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2. Examples a. Court transcripts, order committing D, Progress sheet by dept., meetings or  proceedings records. b. Reports by building inspectors, records of prices of commodities, cargo survey  reports by AID. c. Employment discrim. findings by EEOC, reports on accidents by safety commission, studies on diseases by Center for Disease Control, accident report by police in civil  suit. 3. Purpose a. Documents trustworthy b/c public officials go about there business with care w/out  bias and corruption. b. Scrutiny and exposure surrounding gov't functions also adds trustworthiness. c. Public officials very busy so probably do not remember everything of what they  record. d. Public functions so pervasive and importance of facts so great that have this  exception so do not interrupt public officials too much with litigation. V. HEARSAY EXCEPTIONS: DECLARANT UNAVAILABLE    Rule 804  (p. 341) If declarant's testimony is unavailable, her previous statement will not be hearsay under  certain conditions. A. UNAVAILABILITY OF TESTIMONY - Rule 804(a) - decided by judge  pursuant to Rule  104(a).  Declarant usually actually gets on stand and does this, not just the threat of it  happening. 1. Declarant claims privilege, e.g. 5th amendment. 2. Refuses to testify despite ct order 3. Lack of memory of subject matter of statement 4. Death or physical or mental illness or infirmity 5. Declarant absent from hearing and proponent unable to procure declarant's attendance  (or if under 2, 3, or 4, unable to procure attendance or testimony) by process or other  reasonable  means.  REASONABLE=GOOD FAITH EFFORT 22
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a. For 2, 3, and 4, have to be unable to get deposition testimony also. b. Ct can always allow deposition to be taken but decide later to let it in or not. c. If declarant is out of country, gov't must show  diligent effort  (GOOD FAITH  EFFORT) to secure declarant's voluntary return to testify, e.g. contact her and offer  to pay for travel expenses.  Mann  - Not enough to have embassy create record saying declarant unavailable.  Must make effort, not just secure proof of unavailability. U.S. v. Mann  (p.346) - Declarant not "available" b/c left country.  Duty to use  reasonable means to procure presence also means duty to use reasonable means to  prevent a present witness from becoming absent.  U.S. giving passport and plane ticket  back to declarant after deposing her amounted to violating duty, so her deposition was  not allowed.  Her testimony esp. important b/c most of case depended on her testimony.  Presence important so jury can observe her demeanor (she had previously changed her  story).
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