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convicted more than the whites once found with an offence like murder.CHAPTER 5 DISCUSSIONPractical ImplicationsApart from direct effect to the wrongdoers and the family, the death penalty can haveimplications on race. This is because capital punishment was mostly involved with the black race(Melusky & Pesto, 2017). Research shows that black people who killed the whites mainly weresentenced to death than others. Moreover, these findings were found to be intensely consistentwith data and other research. Furthermore, this aspect was found to be available in many stages
IMPACT OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT11of criminal justice (Bedau & Cassell, 2005). For instance, people of color are disproportionatelyrepresented in prison, and even in the death row.Even the family members of the victim of the homicide for which the perpetrator hasbeen executed are affected adversely. Studies have established that even after watching theperpetrators’ execution, it does not help them to health after loss of their loved one (Smykla,1987). However, there is a higher satisfaction from the co-victims when their offender gets a lifesentence. Most of them perceive execution as a quick fall after which the entire case would bepublicized after the death penalty. Taking the life of the perpetrator does not fill the void that isleft by the homicide victim (Smykla, 1987). In some instances, the co-victims express sympathyto the families of the possessed and such a case can obstruct the healing process for both.Capital crime also adversely affects the lives of victims. After the conviction and death ofa family member, the family remains in prolonged and distorted grieving. studies have indicatedthat issuing a death penalty punishes the family of the inmate as much as the inmate (Smykla,1987). It disproportionately punished women and children, and everyone that cares for theinmate of death row. The family members may also suffer and have a terrible reputation insociety once their loved one is convicted of murder (Smykla, 1987). Children remain orphansand lead miserable lives for most of their lives. Thus, capital punishment undermines theprinciple of the criminal justice system that advocates for punishing only the guilty and not theinnocent.Trends and Developments on the Death PenaltyThe application of capital punishment has a long and troubled history. The death penaltyis a punishment that a section of society feels necessary to deter heinous crime, while anothersection fears its finality and opposes its cruelty. Society undergoes moral evolution that changes
IMPACT OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT12the standards of what is considers unacceptably cruel. The evolving ethical standards account forthe continued changes in the application of the death penalty.The Court has struggled to decide whether persons with mental disorders are eligible forcapital punishment. InFord v. Wainwright(1986), the land's highest court found itunconstitutional to execute persons with mental illnesses (Hicks, 2006). Later in 1989, inPenryv. Lynaugh, the same Court reversed its earlier decision and declared no explicit prohibition

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Term
Spring
Professor
kamara

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