Amani is the largest forested block within the East Usambara Mountains and

Amani is the largest forested block within the east

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Amani is the largest forested block within the East Usambara Mountains and occupies the southern extremity of these mountains. The catchment is drained by Zigi River and its tributaries, which supplies water to Tanga Town as well as Hale and Pangani hydropower stations in the Lwengera Valley. The two main forest types are semi-deciduous forests in the lowlands, particularly Mnyuzi Scarp with its lower rainfall, and tall luxuriant submontane evergreen forests in the mountains above 750 m, where rainfall is higher and the largest trees reach 65 m in height. Other vegetation types include dry bushland (2%), grassland, barren rocky area and waterbodies (all < 1%). Dense sub-montane forest covers about half and dense lowland forest about one third of the Nature Reserve. Uluguru 24,115 GN 296 of 2008 Altitude ranges from 600 m (Bunduki Gap) – 2,638 m (Kimhandu). The reserve forms part of the Uluguru Mountains and provides an important The vegetation comprises sub montane (below 1,500 m), montane (1,600-2,400 m) and upper montane (above 2,400 m) forests, as well as grassland with 12 Except in limited cases – such as Amani FNR, where access agreements for collection of dead wood are in place. 13 There is currently limited/no dedicated conservation management staff, infrastructure and equipment. 23
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FNR Size (ha) Gazette Geography Vegetation watershed for the Ruvu river (which supplies water to Dar es Salaam). swampy areas at Lukwangule Plateau, and Kimhandu and Lupanga peaks. Kilombero 134,511 GN 182 of 2007 Altitude ranges from 1,040 – 2,600 m (Nyumbanitu Peak). The Nature Reserve occupies the middle portion of the Udzungwa Mountains, lying between Udzungwa Mountains National Park and Udzungwa Scarp Forest Reserve. It comprises a highly undulating chain of mountains that descend to the lowlands and meet the wetlands of Kilombero Valley, one of Tanzanian’s primary agricultural areas and a Ramsar site. In upland areas, the vegetation comprises moist and dry montane, upper montane forest with some patches of bamboo and upland grassland. In the drier, lower-lying areas, there is lowland forest, some of which has been replaced by woodland and grassland. Nilo 6,225 GN 234 of 2007 Altitude ranges from 400 – 1,506m. There are two main peaks: Nilo (1,506 m) in the north-west and Lutindi (1,400 m) to the south west. The reserve lies in the north- west part of the East Usambara Mountains. Nilo is a Y-shaped ridge system, with an eastern arm that lies close to Semdoe Forest Reserve and a western arm that looks across the Lwengera Valley to the West Usambaras. A central ridge runs along its southern leg. The main vegetation types are: dense montane forest above1,250m, sub-montane forest at 850 - 1,250 m and lowland forest below 850 m. The sub-montane forest can be exceptionally tall and luxuriant, with the largest trees reaching 58 m in height in favourable sites.
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