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This emerging philosophy and theory of human caring sought to balance the cure orientation of medicine, while giving nursing its unique disciplinary, scientific, and professional standing with itself and its public.(Watson, n.d.)
JEAN WATSONRetrieved from /
Watson’s View on the Metaparadigms – Part OneThe four metaparadigms are indirectly addressed through Watson’s Caritas factors. Two concepts unique to her theory are transpersonal caring relationship and caring moment. “Transpersonal caring seeks to connect with and embrace the spirit or soul of the other through the processes of caring and healing and being in authentic relation, in the moment” (Watson, n.d.). Watson’s goal was to present nursing as a distinct entity, a profession, a discipline and science in its own right, separate from, but complementary to, medicine. (Butts, 2015, p. 502).
Watson’s View on the Metaparadigms - Part TwoMetaparadigms as expressed in her Caritas ProcessesPerson/patient Development of a helping-trusting, human caring relationship, promotion and acceptance of positive and negative feelings, gratification of human needs. Human dignity is respected in order to promote healing. HealthIs holistic, physical and nonphysical. Caring-Healing Consciousness and intentionality to care and promote healingNurse Cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and to others and utilizes a problem-solving caring process to promote health. Promotion of transpersonal teaching-learning, the transpersonal nurse has a focus on caring, healing, and wholeness rather than disease, illness, and pathology. EnvironmentProvision for a supportive, protective, and/or corrective mental, physical, societal, and spiritual environment, subtle environment of energy and consciousness, whereby wholeness, beauty, comfort, dignity, and peace are potentiated(Watson, n.d.)
CONCEPTSTranspersonal Caring RelationshipsCaring Occasion/Caring Moment
Unique concepts from Watson’s Theory of Caring – Part 1 Transpersonal caring relationship Moral commitment to protect and enhance human dignity Respect/”love” for the person—honoring his/her needs, wishes, routines, and rituals Caring Consciousness of self as person/nurse and other as person—connection as human beings Heart-centered/healing caring based on practicing and honoring wholeness of mind-body-spirit in self and each other Inner harmony —maintaining balance Intention of “doing” for another and “being” with another who is in need“Authentic Presence” (honoring/connecting human to human)(Wagner, 2010)
Unique concepts from Watson’s Theory of Caring – Part 2 Caring Occasion/Caring Moment: Heart-centered Encounters with another person When two people, each with their own “phenomenal field”/background, come together in a human-to-human transaction that is meaningful, authentic, intentional, honoring the person, and sharing human experience which expands each person’s worldview and spirit leading to new discovery of self and other and new life possibilities.