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REBT counselors believe that clients can be helped through a variety of techniques despite the clients imperfect nature CT- the quality of a therapeutic relationship is essential to successful cognitive therapy (Corey, 2009) CT counselors employ Rogers Core Conditions along with technical competence cognitive therapists strive to empower clients to be their own therapist. All CBT models employ a relationship where the client and counselor both have active roles (Corey, 2009) therapist is confrontational with the client in pointing out their irrational beliefs (Corey, 2009) counselors should point out how the client continues with their irrational behavior maintaining the emotional disturbances (Corey, 2009) therapists must help the client change their thinking and minimize the irrational ideas (Corey, 2009) Counseling goals: basic goal of CBT is to modify inaccurate or faulty thinking (Corey, 2009) change the way clients think by using their automatic thoughts to reach the core schemata and begin to introduce the idea of restructuring (Corey, 2009) Key Concepts: REBT- developed by Albert Ellis, REBT was one of the first Cognitive Behavioral therapies, and continues to be a major CBT approach (Corey, 2009) REBT's basic premise is that people's interpretations of events and situations contribute to their psychological problems (Corey, 2009) Based on the belief that cognitions, emotions and behaviors significantly interact with one another (Corey, 2009) highly didactic, very directive, and concerned as much with thinking as with feeling (Corey, 2009)
emotions stem mainly from our beliefs, evaluations, interpretations, and reactions to life situations (Corey, 2009) influenced by the Ancient Greeks, Stoic philosopher Epictetus, and the work of Alfred Adler (Corey, 2009) A-B-C Framework Central to REBT theory and practice (Corey, 2009) A = activating (antecedent) event, B = belief, C = emotional and behavioral consequence (Corey, 2009) A leads to B which leads to C (Corey, 2009) interventions are D=disputing intervention, which lead to E= effective philosophy (Corey, 2009) Beck’s Cognitive Therapyinsight-focused therapy (Corey, 2009) developed around the same time as REBT, but developed independently from it (Corey, 2009) based on the theoretical premise that people's feelings and behaviors are shaped by how they perceive their experience (Corey, 2009) psychological problems come from faulty thinking, incorrect information, or incorrect inferences (Corey, 2009) Beck identified a series of cognitive distortions that cause negative thinking patterns: arbitrary inferences, selective abstraction, overgeneralization, magnification and minimization, personalization, labeling and mislabeling, and dichotomous thinking (Corey, 2009) operates on the premise that the most effective way to alter dysfunctional emotions and behavior is to change inaccurate and dysfunctional thinking (Corey, 2009) focuses on present problems (Corey, 2009) Meichenbaum’s behavior modificationCBM focuses on changing client's self-verbalizations