peoples ancestral past Adlers individual psychology Saw the main source of

Peoples ancestral past adlers individual psychology

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peoples ancestral past Adler’s individual psychology Saw the main source of human motivation to be striving for superiority Compensation Involves effort to overcome imagined or real inferiorities by developing one's abilities Birth order First borns, second children, and later born children enter varied home situations and are treated differently by parents and that these experiences are likely to affect their personality Behavioral perspectives on personality Behaviorism A theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psychology should study only observable behavior Skinner’s perspectives on personality Argued determinism That behavior is fully determined by environmental stimuli Response tendencies that are acquired through experience Individual personality is a collection of response tendencies that are tied to varied stimulus situations Bandura’s social cognitive theory Theory that personality is largely shaped through learning Similar to social learning theory Response tendencies are products of conditioning and the imitation of a model Walter Mischel’s ideas about personality People make responses they think will lead to reinforcement in the situation at hand. Predicts people will often behave differently in different situations If you believe hard work will pay off, you will most likely be more diligent in your efforts Humanistic perspectives Humanism A theoretical orientation that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans, especially their freedom and their freedom and their potential for personal growth Biological perspectives Eysenck’s theory Argues that personality is largely shaped by one’s genes. Theorizes that some people can be conditioned more readily than other because of inherited differences in their psychological functioning
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Research on genetics and personality NOTE: You do not need to know the information covered in section 11.6, 11.7 or 11.8
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  • Spring '08
  • Palfai

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