You can see their names their ages and then when they

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who were in Auschwitz, one of the most infamous concentration camps. You can see theirnames, their ages, and then when they were killed. Historians believe five to six million Jews were killed during the Holocaust including a million and a half children. This was 2/3of the Jewish population of Europe. But the Holocaust went further. It's believed that over10 million civilians were killed during the Holocaust. Over three million prisoners of war were killed. And other people including several hundred thousand Romani, often referred to as Gypsies. Several hundred thousand people with disabilities, many thousands of homosexuals were all put to death during the Holocaust. We've covered a lot of world history. A lot of it, unfortunately, has a lot of death, a lot of destruction and sometimes targeting people for their ethnicity. But never, in world history, have we seen something at this scale. Because it seemed to be a relatively new concept, a term was coined, genocide. It was coined by Raphael Lemkin who, as a Holocaust survivor, had 49 members of his family killed during the Holocaust. It means killing of a people. Geno,
coming from a people or a family, and cide, killing. But maybe even more interesting than the word definition itself, is thinking about why this actually happened. Maybe even more importantly, how society can avoid it. I'll leave you with that question. What do youthink was the reason why this happened? And do you think we have a risk of that happening in the future? And how can we prevent it?great majority of German Jews consid- ered themselves to be fully German. More than 80percent of all the Jews in Germanyhad German citizenship. Many had ceased to practice any form of Jewish religious obser- vance and had become either secular, or non- religious, or had converted to German Protestantism. Some Jewish families had been in Germany for generations.Nazi Anti-Semitism: The Nuremberg Laws 1935Prohibits marriages/sexual relations between Jews and non-JewsTakes away citizenship of German Laws - Stripped Jews of citizenship0.8% of German population was JewishMuch easier to persecute a small population and not have others noticeHitler let his subordinates deal with anti-SemitismNazis fire Jews from all government positions (unless they served in WWI) and stage aboycott against Jewish shopsMain goal early on was not to execute Jews, but to make economic life somiserable so that they would leave – over half the Jews did leave who werethere when Hitler took powerThe “Final Solution” (Holocaust) begins July-August 1941 Operation Barbarossa kind of starts this Nazis send in special police forces & their task is to eliminate political opponents and traders within the civilian population Find communists and shoot them on the spot or imprison them and torture Them Not ordered to shoot Jews directly Picks up steam from soldiers and commanders on the ground Most people believe communist = Jewish or that Jews are responsible for communismbecause of all the Nazi propaganda that has been out for the past 10 years

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