The affective experience of being alive are related to these aspects of the

The affective experience of being alive are related

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The affective experience of being alive are related to these aspects of the souls (if you have a sore back the soul there could have exited the body and fought and then came back) Mobility (what happens to the soul(s) after death? Where do they go? - They can move around within the body and out in the world - During sleep or illness they may leave the body- especially in the time of death - But not every soul leaves the body - Your soul can get lost- in many indigenous cultures there are specific medical issues described as soul lost (psychological distress ex)- some shamanic practices can bring the soul back to the body- ex. Nani people in Russia who fish and every summer they go to
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fishing camps far from homes and right before the entire tribe gets back on the boats to return to villages- they Nani women will call to all the souls of the children before they leave the area to ensure the souls are present - Some groups believe souls only emerge at specific points in an individual’s life- ex. Among the Khol people there is a belief that only married people have souls because they generate ancestors- if you do not have a spouse or children to carry on ancestor worship you do not have a soul- unmarried children have different death rituals because they do not have souls (they cannot be cremated to make the transition into being an ancestor – children are buried) Many of these traditions are what John Smith describes as locative - Utopian tradition with regard to the dead- the idea of heaven- a perfect place separated from the human world - Locative tradition with regard to the dead – focus on place boundaries and the task of maintaining harmony in the cosmos - Sometimes the dead rest in places known to the living Example of a locative mortuary cosmology: for the Gurung people of Nepal, “entry to the land of the ancestors is at the top of the Oble Dome” (Sumegi, 40) - Locative mortuary - The dead live at the top of that mountain and the mortuary rituals exist in order to help the deceased person follow the right path up to the top of that mountain - If they fail to take the right path they may end up as a ghost or demon “Materiality” (in the sense of having specific shapes, and being susceptible to various types of interventions) - Souls have specific physical qualities - The primary modality of ritual is the feast and the food and alcohol is there and the deceased can get drunk - Soul combat and healing- souls can be attack by magic- the souls can also attack other peoples bodily souls which can make another sick (Tupalik) - The souls can actually die Souls and disease etiology among the Soyot of Siberia: “If the wicked spirit dips the soul into hot water, the man, whose soul it is, suffers of fever. If it is submerged in cold water, the owner will have the shivers. If the spirit twists the hands and the legs of the soul, then the owner has pains in his limbs”- (quoted in Sumegi, 32).
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  • Winter '17
  • Angela Sumegi
  • The Land

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