2. Stage one: dilation—the mother’s body prepares for birth; from the first contraction until the cervix is completely dilated. Stage two: expulsion—begins when the cervix is completely dilated and includes the baby’s movement through the birth canal and delivery. Stage three: placental delivery The placenta separates from the wall of the uterus and is expelled from the birth canal. Stage four: stabilization—the initial recovery and stabilization of the mother after childbirth. 3. See that the airway is open and clear; maintain normal body temperature. 4. b 5. d 6. a 7. b 8. c 9. c CHAPTER 23 1. The fact that you are traveling by canoe on a river, at least 2 miles from help without a vehicle or way to call, all make this a delayed-help situation as it will very likely take more than 30 minutes for you to get help for Pete.
4. Because you have no means of calling for help, but know that there is a scheduled pick-up point 2 miles down the river, and there are enough people available with the proper equipment togo safely, you should send a canoe ahead for help in this situation.Ideally, you should send them with a note explaining Pete’s condition, a map indicating the location of the emergency, a list of other members in the group, a list of available resources, a description of the weather, terrain and access routes if known and the group’s plan for immediateand long-term plans, with possible contingency plans if needed.
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