Help them by issuing paper money suspending property

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help them by issuing paper money, suspending property takeovers and easing up on taxes. b. While this was a violent protest with farmers taking up arms and Massachusetts militia seeking to hold them back, it was not an uprising between settlers and merchants or Native Americans. It was between farmers and the state. c. The rebellion was not about heavy taxes on farm products but about the need for debtor relief, which, after the rebellion, the state soon passed. d. This was not a border dispute between Vermont and British Canada; it was a struggle against increasing debt and property loss by backcountry farmers in Massachusetts. e. Shays’ Rebellion was not an inter-state clash over duties and taxes. Question 11 a. Thomas Paine was known for authoring Common Sense , one of the first to argue for a complete break with England. b. Thomas Jefferson was the force behind the Declaration of Independence. c. George Washington was America’s first president. d. Alexander Hamilton was Washington’s Secretary of the Treasury. e. Correct answer. James Madison got this nickname because of the many careful and important contributions he made to shaping what would become the U.S. Constitution.
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Question 12 a. The goal of strengthening the central government’s ability to regulate commerce, prevent squabbles between states over trade, and hammer out commercial treaties with other nations was among the major reasons for revising the Articles, which gave the federal government few powers in this regard. b. Leaders at the Convention were very concerned about the unrestrained democracy rearing its head in the state and inspiring protests such as Shays’ Rebellion and other forms of what they deemed mobocracy—literally, the rule of the mob. c. Having experienced the problems of a weak central government under the Articles, strengthening the central government was a crucial goal of the Philadelphia Convention. d. Correct answer. Safeguarding slavery was not among the main reasons for revising the Articles. In fact, most state leaders considered their right to property—including human chattel—already a sacred and protected right. e. Safeguarding the union from uprisings was a big concern and an underlying reason for the convention. Leaders, as noted in B above, worried that without a stronger central government and restraints on unfettered democracy, uprisings would become an ongoing problem that could weaken the Union. Question 13 a. Strengthening the central government was among the Constitutional compromises, though officials balanced power between an executive and legislative branch to keep each from becoming too strong. b. Correct answer. The president was to be elected indirectly, via the Electoral College, and not by the popular—or people’s—vote.
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