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established in Palestine through conquests of Caanite cities but ultimately lacked efficacious central government. The judges unified the tribes when under invasion, but later dissipated back to tribes after conflict. In order to get protection from Philistine and create a permanent unification, Israel chose to have a king. The first king was Saul who ruled from 1200-1000 B.C. Saul later came under pressure and after his death, the escaped David came to power from 1000-961 B.C. David captured Jerusalem and made it the capital of Israel. In addition, he conquered Edom, Moab, Ammon, and Zobah. David’s successor, Solomon reigned from 961-922 B.C. Solomon was known for his wisdom. He consolidated the empire, fortified new Israelite territory, established diplomatic relations with neighboring powers which was primarily done through dynastic marriage. Because of his pagan wives, he built pagan temples and this expansive building program made him very unpopular as the program required compulsory service and high taxes. Under his rule, Israel’s economy grew, foreign trade bolstered, and there was a vast influx of wealth. His popularity waned because the strain on the people caused oppression and liberty infringement despite the fact that the building program brought a sense of magnificence, glory, and security.