-Establishment Clause: First Amendment ban on laws “respecting an establishment of religion” -The two clauses of the First Amendment that deal with religion are concerned with free exercise and establishment. -For the Supreme Court to uphold conscientious objection to military service, that objection must be rooted in a deeply held moral, ethical, or religious belief. -Wall of Separation: Court ruling that government cannot be involved with religion -The historical source for the “wall of separation” between church and state is the writings of Thomas Jefferson. -In a recent decision, the Court allowed the Ten Commandments to be displayed on the lawn outside of the Texas capitol. -Exclusionary Rule: Improperly gathered evidence may not be introduced in a criminal trial
-The exclusionary rule holds that evidence gathered in violation of the Constitution cannot be used in a trial. -Mapp v. Ohiowas a notable constitutional decision because it used the exclusionary rule to enforce constitutional guarantees.
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Supreme Court of the United States, First Amendment to the United States Constitution, Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution,
Mapp v. Ohio