31 Recent research has shown that the job characteristics of autonomy and

31 recent research has shown that the job

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31. Recent research has shown that the job characteristics of autonomy and feedback were significant in predicting job satisfaction. 32. The primary obstacles to change include inertia and group norms.
33. Ways to overcome obstacles to change in the direction of community policing include preliminary training of personnel and gaining support from elected officials and city agencies. 34. The lack of success of the team-policing concept of the 1970s is an example of the resistance to change and the balance of power. 35. Individual differences of police officers have an impact on how well job redesign efforts toward community policing will be received. 36. The primary concern of officers is social disorder, while the primary concerns of citizens is crime-fighting. 37. Sergeants have the most direct influence over the day-to-day activities of patrolmen. 38. The most important characteristic of change is people’s resistance to it.39. With community policing there is an emphasis on crime analysis. 40. Even under job redesign, the community police officers spent most of their time on traditional police activities associated with patrol.

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