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They nullified tariff of abominations, exactly what Calhoun recommended they do •They specified that nullification would take effect in Feb•Jackson saw this as treason, he sent warship to Charleston harbor oNot about the tariff, it’s about the idea of where power lies, state or federal government?oIf central government doesn’t have basic powers that it needs then the federal government doesn’t mean anything Force Bill•Jackson’s attempt to enforce tariffs in South Carolina •South Carolina nullifies this bill oThey want to prove that the power lies within the statesReligion, Expansion and War in the “Age of Boundlessness” 11/15/10
•The 2ndGreat Awakening and Its SignificanceoReligious revivalEarly 1800’s through civil warTransforms the way people see their relation to God and societyIdeas are infused with boundlessness and optimism, confidence in the future Offered Americans entirely new way to relate to their God and understand Christianity. To achieve salvation is accessible to everyoneDidn’t include one denominaion- Methodists oThe kind of God is very different The old God of Puritans and God during 1stGreat Awakening was patriarchic God of the bibleHe had strict rules you had to live up toMore loving and forgiving God, they encouraged people to think less of “God the Father” and more of “God the Son”oThe image of Jesus Christ is also different He doesn’t have a beard, long hair, big eyes, kind and gentle demeanor. He is somewhat feminized. He’s nurturing and has an unconditional love for human. All you had to do was accept the salvation that was warmly offered to you No intellectual thinking but all you had to do was buy into the idea oConversions Very emotional experiences Shakers and speaking in “tongues” oMillennialismThe idea that God was going to come back to Earth soon came backJudgment day- he picks out the good people and brings them to heaven and picks out the bad and dooms them oJohn MillerMillennial preacher of the MilleritesHe thought God was coming back Oct 22, 1843 in New York, America. He even had the mountain identified. On that day 50,000 people showed up waiting for God. They had sold all of their belongings. God didn’t show up, so he set it for another day.oPeople believed they had the obligation to convert peopleIf they knew the right way then they would be selfish not to spread it oOrganizations arose If God was coming then communities had to help reform societies
American Temperance Society•1832•tolls to reform the country•organized by men and women who believed that the biggest source of sin was alcohol. They believed getting rid of alcohol would get rid of poverty, spouse abuse, illness•successful in industrial town and cities in Northeast•late 1800’s it came to control many states •Federal government passed law banning production of alcohol in 1917, grew out of this organization American Anti-Slavery Society•1833•