An exaggerated description applied to every person in

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An exaggerated description applied to every person in some categoryEspecially harmful to minorities in the workplaceRacismThe belief that one racial category is innately superior or inferior to anotherPowerful and harmful form of prejudiceExisted throughout world historyWidespread throughout the history of the USToday, overt racism has decreased because of Martin Luther King, Jr. words
“not by the color of their skin but by the content of their character”Remains a serious problemSome still argue that certain racial and ethnic categories are smarter than othersSCAPEGOAT THEORYPrejudice springs from frustration among people who are themselves disadvantagedSCAPEGOATA person or category of people, typically with little power, whom other people unfairly blame for their own troublesMinorities often are used as scapegoatsThey have little powerUsually are “safe targets”DISCRIMINATIONUnequal treatment of various categories of peoplePrejudice refers to attitudesDiscrimination is a matter of actionPositive or negativeSubtle to blatantMajority and Minority:Patterns of Interaction
Four modelsPluralismAssimilationSegregationGenocidePluralismA state in which people of all races and ethnicities are distinct but have equal social standingUS is pluralistic to the extent that all people have equal standing under the lawUS not pluralistic for three reasonsAlthough most of us value our cultural heritage, few want to live withonly people exactly like ourselvesOur tolerance for social diversity goes only so farPeople of various colors and cultures do not have equal social standingAssimilationThe process by which minorities gradually adopt patterns of the dominantcultureMost minorities adopt the dominant cultureAvenue to upward social mobilityWay to escape prejudice and discrimination directed against more visible foreignersAmount of assimilation varies by categoryAssimilation involves changes in ethnicity but not in raceSegregationThe physical and social separation of categories of people
Chapter 12 Powerpoint NotesSOCIAL INSTITUTIONA major sphere of social life, or societal subsystem, organized to meethuman needsECONOMYThe social institution that organizes a society’s production, distribution, and consumption of goods and servicesGoodsare commodities ranging from necessitiesServicesare activities that benefit peopleThe Agricultural Revolution

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