remained realistic till this day. This part highlights and summaries these contributions by the scientist and scholar (Schlender, 2004, p. 115 ). Peter F. Drucker’s views and observation on management can be summarized as indicated below. The first thing he identified was the nature of management and how it should be approached. According to his work and explanations, Peter Drucker remained against all forms of bureaucratic managerial patterns because they tend to disrupt morale and make business goals unattainable. Drucker also went ahead to emphasize on management which is characterized by total innovativeness and creativeness since these elements promote the speed at which objectives can be realized (Schlender, 2004, p. 115 ). Management should be goal-oriented and dedicated to needs of both the individuals in the organization as well as the organization itself. Regarding his nature of management, Peter identified innovation as one of the basic objectives of managerial processes. This revolves around the understanding that the concept
Management Theory 7 behind innovation is rather unique but broad. This means that it might include the identification and development newer approaches and ideas, and also combining both the old and new ideas towards better management. Innovation also calls for the continued adaptation of different yet applicable ideas and approaches from other businesses fields. This makes the involved individuals to view management differently and as a result promote the best innovation methods and structures in an organization. Drucker’s nature of management also establishes management as a major discipline and which should also be treated as a profession of its own kind (Gingrich, 2008, p. 78 ). His work also identified the specific functions of management. According to Peter Drucker, management forms a spectacular organ of a given organization or institution. This means that management as a concept lacks no meaningful functions within itself and also no any form of existence within itself. On the contrary, Drucker sees management through its major tasks. That being the case, there are major functions which is expected to be committed by organizational managers and which should be carefully performed (Steger, 2005, p. 342 ). Managers are expected to perform adequately so that they can be in a position of enabling their respective institutions to make its enormous contributions towards the specific purpose, vision, objectives, and mission of the given institution. This needs to be the case for all kinds of organizations including businesses, learning institutions and even hospital. Drucker also did not forget to identify organizational structure and its significance as an important element of business administration and management. Towards organizational structure, Drucker dismisses bureaucratic managerial systems because they tend to have very may dysfunctional effects (Steger, 2005, p. 342 ). According to Drucker, all forms of bureaucracies in business organizations should always be discouraged because they will affect the running of the
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- Winter '16
- Professor Obura Oluoch
- Management, Peter F. Drucker