Resting action membrane potential 70 mv 163

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Resting action membrane potential -70 mV 163. significance of the spleen stores B cells and turns them into plasma cells, and these make antibodies 164. significance of the thymus in immunity stores and matures the T cells, which directly kill virally infected cells 165. Soma Location of the nucleus as well as organelles 166. somatotropin another name for growth hormone, and it pushes forward fatty acid breakdown 167. sphingolipids contain a sphingosine or sphingoid backbone, major component of mylein sheath 168. sphingomyelin structure and origin phosphocholine head group, sphingosine, and fatty acid. it cannot be synthesized from glycerol 169. Starling forces the hydrostatic pressure in the glomerulus is significantly higher than that in the Bowman's space. This is much higher than the oncotic pressure, which causes fluid into the nephron 170. Steps of fertilization 1. the sperm establishes the acrosomal apparatus, injects its pronucleus 2.calcium ions are released to prevent other sperm from penetrating 3.the metabolic rate of the diploid zygote increases, called the cortical reaction 171. Steps of oogenesis 1. Prophase I: primary oocytes 2. Metaphase II: secondary oocytes 3. Meiosis II: only completed if fertilized 172. Steps of spermatogenesis 1. S phase: primary spermatocytes 2. Meiosis I: secondary spematocytes 3. Meiosis II: spermatids 4: maturation: spermatozoa 173. Striate cortex main receiving area for visual signals 174. structural difference between sphingomyelines and glycosphingolipids both shpingo and glycosphingos have fatty acid backbones, but only glyco have sugars 175. sucrase brush border enzyme found on duodenal cells that hydrolyzes sucrose 176. Suprachiasmatic nucleus region in the hypothalamus and is responsible for circadian rhythms 177. Synaptic bouton Nerve terminal, neurotransmitters are released 178. Synaptic cleft A synapse is between the nerve terminal and presynaptic cell, there is space in between the two
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179. the three hormones that adrenal cortex secretes glucocorticoids: regulate glucose levels mineralocorticoids: regulate salt/water homeostasis cortical sex hormones: responsible for male genitalia 180. Three types of neurons Motor (efferent)- leave on ventral side sensory (afferent)- enter on dorsal side interneurons 181. thymus secretes thymosin, which is important for proper T cell development 182. Total lung capacity residual volume vital capacity tidal volume expiratory reserve volume inspiratory reserve volume Total lung capacity: max volume of air in lungs with full inhalation residual volume: min volumes of air in the lungs when exhalation vital capacity: diff between min and max volume tidal volume: volume of air inhaled/exhaled for normal breath expiratory reserve volume: volume of additional air exhaled inspiratory reserve volume: volume of additional air inhaled 183. what adjustments would allow the PO2 curve to reach its max O2 saturation at a higher PO2 (right shift) increase ventilation, [H+] and HR 184.
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  • Spring '16
  • kate
  • cells, Cortisol

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