14 Majority rule and minority rights meanings a Majority Rule a fundamental

14 majority rule and minority rights meanings a

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14. Majority rule and minority rights meanings a. Majority Rule - a fundamental principle of traditional democratic theory. In a democracy, choosing among alternatives requires that the majority’s desire be respected. b. Minority Rights - a principle of traditional democratic theory that guarantees rights to those who do not belong to majorities. 15. Comparing pluralist, elite and class and hyper-pluralist theories: Theory Who Holds Power How Policy is Made Pluralist Usually, no single group is dominating. It is very open to the participation of all groups with shared interests. Elite and Class The few powerful Americans Upper-class elite holds the power and makes policy, regardless of the formal governmental organization Hyperpluralist Basically groups in the government Many groups competing with each other to cripples the government’s ability to make policy. 16. The 4 major challenges facing American democracy: a. Increased complexity of issues b. Limited participation in government c. Escalating campaign costs d. Diverse political interests 17. Political Culture - an overall set of values widely shared within a society. The political culture of the United States is crucial to understanding its government, as Americans are so diverse in terms of ancestries, religions, and heritages. What unites Americans more than anything else is a set of shared beliefs and values. 18. Seymour Martin Lipset argues that the American creed can be summarized by five elements: liberty , egalitarianism , individualism , laissez-faire , and populism . 19. James Q. Wilson defines a culture war as “an intense commitment to a candidate, a culture, or an ideology that sets people in one group definitively apart from people in another, rival group.” 20. The Scope of American Government a. Some favor more LIBERTY - People know how to act in their own best interests. The more the government gets involved, the less they are able to act for themselves. b. Some favor more ORDER - Even people who know how to
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act in their own best interests need protection from those who will deceive theem. The more government is involved, the safer people are. 21. Gross Domestic Product - the sum of the value of all the goods and services produced in a year in a nation. The government spends about a third of our gross domestic product. Summary, Reflection, Analysis Policy Agenda - the issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people involved in politics at a point in time. A government’s policy agenda changes regularly. When jobs are scarce and business productivity is falling, economic problems occupy a high position on the government’s agenda. The U.S. Constitution established three policymaking institutions --- Congress, the presidency, and the courts. Today, the power of the bureaucracy is so great that most political scientists consider it a fourth policymaking institution. Policy Impacts - the effects a policy has on people and problems. Impacts are analyzed to see how well a policy has met its goal and at what cost. Democracy - a system of selecting
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  • Winter '16
  • Dr. Graham

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