ECE _ DSST Organizational Behavior

Not all groups or organizations are equally political

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Unformatted text preview: Not all groups or organizations are equally political. At the individual level, researchers have identified certain personality traits, needs and other factors that are likely to be related to political behavior. In terms of traits, it is found that employees who are high self-monitors, possess an internal locus of control, and have a high need for power are more likely to engage in political behavior. Additionally, an individual’s investment in the organization, perceived alternatives, and expectations of success will influence the degree to which he or she will pursue illegitimate means of political action. Political activity is probably more a function of organizational factors than of individual difference variables. Certain organizational situations and cultures promote politics. When an organization’s resources are declining and when there is opportunity for promotions, politics is more likely to surface. In addition, cultures characterized by low trust, role ambiguity, unclear performance evaluation systems, democratic decision making and high pressures for performance will create breeding grounds for politicking. A person with an external locus of control typically attributes failure to things beyond his control. A student with an external locus of control might blame his teacher's teaching style, or his parent's lack of support as a reason for failing a test. On the other hand, a student with an internal locus of control might blame himself, believing that his performance at school is tied to how much effort he puts into it. The process by which individuals attempt to control the impression others form of them is called impression management. In this society, many people have an ongoing interest in how others perceive and evaluate them. Being perceived positively by others can have benefits for people in organizations. High self-monitoring people are usually the type to engage in Impression Management (IM). High self-monitors are good at reading situations and molding their appearances and behavior to fit each situation. On the other hand, low self-monitors tend to present images of themselves that are consistent with their personalities, regardless of the beneficial or detrimental effects for them. Organizational politics includes protection of self-interest as well as promotion. Individuals often engage in reactive and protective defensive behavior to avoid action, blame, or change. Sometimes the best political strategy to avoid action is to take no action. Popular ways to avoid action include: overconforming, transferring responsibility to someone else, playing dumb, depersonalizing, or stalling. Common ways of avoiding blame include playing safe, justifying decisions, scapegoating, or misrepresenting information....
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Not all groups or organizations are equally political At...

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