CLEP Psychology Notes

Dissociative identity disorder psychogenic amnesia

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Dissociative identity disorder Psychogenic Amnesia – inability to recall important information, generally some traumatic incident Psychogenic Fugue – individual leaves home, doesn’t remember how or why, forgets their identity, generally lasts less than 24 hours Psychosomatic Disorders – actual physical symptoms thought to be caused by psychological factors such as stress Common, array of illnesses from rashes to ulcers Personality Disorder – when someone has two or more distinct personalities, each of which is dominant at any time Thinking about the environment and one’s self that are inflexible and maladaptive Bipolar Disorder – mental illness in which individuals experience extreme manias as well as episodes of depression Patients are prone to mood swings, and mania (euphoria, hyperactivity, wild optimism) Phobic Disorder – one that produces intense, irrational fear, which leads a person to avoid the feared object, activity or situation Flooding – (real life procedure) technique of behavior in which a subject is confronted with the object of his or her phobic fear while accompanied by the therapist Anxiety Disorder - Anxiety disorders are the most frequently occurring disorders and include generalized anxiety disorder, phobias, PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Mood disorders are the second most frequently occurring disorders. Antisocial Personality - known as sociopaths or psychopaths, people with antisocial personality disorder have no conscience and no sense of remorse
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Panic Disorder – anxiety attacks which are sudden and unpredictable, individual may be free from same anxiety attacks for a period of time Schizophrenia – complex psychotic disorder, impaired cognitive functioning, delusions and hallucinations, social withdrawal Schizophrenics tend to have an excess of dopamine in certain areas of the brain. Obesity – result of genetic vulnerability, maladaptive behavior and environmental factors Psychological problems associated with obesity o Body dissatisfaction o Low self esteem o Binge eating Abnormal Psychology – study of individuals who are statistically uncommon, behaviors that are at odds with social expectations Diagnosis – recognizing a disorder or disease on the basis of symptoms can be physical or mental symptoms Prognosis – prediction of future outcome of a disorder or disease Etiology – the cause of predisposing factors of a disturbance or disorder Etiological analysis – describe as complete as possible, and theorize as little as possible Hypochondrias is – fear of developing some serious disease or illness Hypochondriacs often imagine that they have been exposed to an illness Ten Neurotic Needs – Karen Horney Describes causes of anxiety and depression Psycholinguistics – psychologists trained in psychology and linguistics Knowledge and ability people use language Conflict – source of stress in which some goals can only be satisfied at the expense of others
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