DSST Intro to Law Enforcement

Systemic discrimination include racial profiling and

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Systemic Discrimination include racial profiling and stereotyping 102. Rodney King incident of 1991 in Los Angeles – remains one of the most controversial incidents in recent American police history 103. Detroit in the only state in which blacks rate the police more highly a. Predominately black police form, black mayor since 1973 104. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 – prohibits employment discrimination for minority groups a. Improved over the years is the success of employment discrimination litigation 105. Affirmative Action – is mandated by Presidential Executive Order in 1965, employers that receive federal monies have to develop written affirmative action plans 106. The Police Foundation – recommends a 3 step plan to increase the number of officers from minority groups: a. The inclusion of under-represented groups in affirmative action programs b. A transparent promotion system to encourage equity c. Regular audits to ensure that minority officers are not being tracked into inappropriate positions 107. Police Academies – police officers are trained at the academy and on average receive about 1,000 hours a. Goal is to provide formal training b. Root out unqualified recruits – about 10% do not graduate c. Immerse the trainees in the police subculture d. Officers at the academy undergo classroom and field training e. Training programs do not teach limitations, particularly in the areas of domestic violence, ethics and police discretion 108. Due Process Model – stresses the possibility of error in the stages leading to trial and emphasizes the procedural rights over system efficiency a. The need to protect the accused person’s rights throughout the justice procedure 109. Selective Perception – police tend to believe that the public dislikes them, therefore officer attitudes have been shaped by the phenomena a. Even though only 2%-5% of encounters are unpleasant 110. William Westley in the 1970s revealed that officers believe that secrecy justifies lying to protect an officer and solidarity justifies violence a. 73% of officers said they would like for a fellow officer b. Officers would rather condone illegal activity by fellow officers than break the bond of secrecy 111. Police Corruption – can be described as the misuse of authority by an officer for personal gain
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a. Personal element is critical b. Society pays a high price for corruption as it encourages and shields other crime, destabilizes the justice system, reduces public confidence c. Many types of corruption, d. Know about extortion and bribes… d.i. Gratuities d.ii. Bribes d.iii. Theft d.iv. Burglary d.v. Internal corruption - promotions and preferred assignments can be bought in some corrupt departments d.vi. Brutality e. Subculture promotes deviance by encouraging corruption and then covering it up through peer pressure to “be one of the boys” f.
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