A_Global_Protocol_on_Cybersecurity_and_Cybercrime.pdf

Threats of critical conserns to the global society

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threats of critical conserns to the global society, Noting that the developments of information and communication technologies in cy- berspace has resulted in substancial increase in global cooperation and coordination, such that criminal activity may have a grave impact on all States, Recognizing that differences in levels of information and communication technologies can diminish the effectiveness of international cooperation in combating the criminal activity in cyberspace, and recognizing the need for effective cybersecurity measures, in-
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2 particular to developing countries, and the need for cooperation between States and the private sector, Noting the necessity of preventing against criminal activities by adequate cybersecurity measures, Recognizing with appreciation the work of the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in Vienna, and the outstanding workshops on computer crime in the United Nations Congresses on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, Underlining the need for a common understanding of cybersecurity and cybercrime among countries at all stages of economic development, and establish a global agreement or Protocol at the United Nations level that includes solutions aimed at addressing the global challenges, that may promote peace and security in cyberspace, including legal frameworks that are globally applicable and interoperable with the existing national and regional legislative measures, Recognizing with appreciation the work of the World Summit on the Information Soci- ety (WSIS) that in its Tunis Agenda (2005) adopted the following goals: “We affirm that measures undertaken to ensure Internet stability and security, to fight cybercrime and to counter spam, must protect and respect the provisions for pri- vacy and freedom of expression as contained in the relevant parts of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Geneva Declaration of Principles.” (Para- graph 42) “We call upon governments in cooperation with other stakeholders to develop neces- sary legislation for the investigation and prosecution of cybercrime, noting existing frameworks, for example, UNGA Resolutions 55/63 and 56/121 on “Combating the criminal misuse of information technologies” and regional initiatives including, but not limited to, the Council of Europe’s Convention on Cybercrime.” (Paragraph 40) Welcoming the work of Plenipotentary Conference in 2006 organized by the Interna- tional Telecommunication Union (ITU), Recognizing with appreciation the work of the Global Cybersecurity Agenda (GCA) launched by the ITU in 2007 and the strategic proposals from the High Level Experts Group (HLEG), a global expert group of more than 100 experts, that delivered Recom- mendations in The Chairman´s Report and The Global Strategic Report in 2008, in- cluding strategies in the following five work areas: Legal Measures, Technical and
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3 Procedural Measures, Organizational Structures, Capacity Building, and International Cooperation, Underlining
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