Overrode concern for a potential disruption Concurring First Amendment rights

Overrode concern for a potential disruption

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Overrode concern for a potential disruption Concurring First Amendment rights of children are NOT coextensive with those of adults Dissenting People do not have a right to give demonstrations whenever or wherever they want If students can ignore officials and begin protests and such, it will cause chaos Since Tinker v. Des Moines : Bethel School District v. Fraser (1986) - student gave a speech to an assembly at his school that showcased student gov candidates and was filled with sexual innuendo o Unlike Tinker , his speech had no real political value and was made to entertain students, so the School District won Morse v. Frederick (2007) - students gathered outside a school to cheer on the Olympic torch as runners carried it by and a student had a sign that read “BONG HITS 4 JESUS” o School-sponsored event and thus a matter for school officials to design, and the school was reasonable to see his sign as promoting illegal drug use Marbury v. Madison (1803) Can an appointed judge sue for his appointment, and does the Supreme Court have the authority to hear and implement this request? John Adams appointed several people to new judgeships on his way out of presidency Thomas Jefferson took office and refused to deliver commissions to Marbury (+ others) Yes and No, 5:0 An appointed judge with a signed commission could sue if denied the job ( yes ) The law entitling Marbury to the job was contrary to Article III of the constitution when it said the court had original rather than appellate jurisdiction in those cases ( no ) Ruled they had no jurisdiction in the matter Since Marbury v. Madison : Initiated Judicial Review and defined common law Supreme Court “would declare void” any congressional act that goes against Constitution Protesting in Schools Midnight Judges
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Dred Scott case (1857)- next time the Court struck down a law Shaw v. Reno (1993) Does a congressional district, designed for the purposes of assuring a majority black population, violate the Fourteenth Amendment’s equal protection clause? Before: o Gomillion v. Lightfoot (1960) - state legislature passed special legislation to alter city’s borders which placed black neighborhoods beyond new city lines SC decided the state violated the 15 th Amendment right to vote 1965 Voting Rights Act North Carolina submitted a new map of congressional districts Court ruled that using race to create districts was allowed to make it fair In North Carolina map, only one district was a majority-minority district and they were told to make more, resulting in weirdly shaped districts Shaw and 4 other white individuals suggested that NC separated citizens into classes by race to form the districts Yes, for Shaw, 5:4 North Carolina only used race as a factor Opposed the “colorblind” ideal of US law Dissenting The district did not dilute the votes of citizens in other districts Since minorities benefited from the redistricting, there were no conflicts Whites remained a majority in a disproportionate number of districts New York Times Co. v. United States (1971)
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