29. Emancipation Proclamation was an executive order issued on January 1, 1863, by President Lincoln freeing slaves in all portions of the United States not then under Union control (that is, within the Confederacy). 30. Battle of Antietam , also called Battle of Sharpsburg, (September 17, 1862), a decisive engagement in the American Civil War (1861–65) that halted the Confederate advance on Maryland for the purpose of gaining military supplies. 31. William Henry Harrison was the ninth President of the United States (1841), an American military officer and politician, and the last President born as a British subject. He was also the first president to die in office. He was 68 years, 23 days old when inaugurated, the oldest president to take office until Ronald Reagan in 1981. Harrison died on his 32nd day in office[a] of complications from pneumonia, serving the shortest tenure in United States presidential history.
32. The Oregon Treaty of 1846, also known as the Washington Treaty, was signed between Great Britain and the United States on June 15, 1846, in Washington, D.C. The Oregon Treaty of 1846 finally settled the land dispute between the two nations who had agreed at the Convention of 1818 to a "joint occupation" of Oregon territory. 33. Sectionalism is loyalty to the interests of one's own region or section of the country, rather than to the country as a whole. 34. White Man's Burden comes from an 1899 poem by British poet Rudyard Kipling written to induce the United States to join Europe in the imperial conquest of the globe in order to "civilize" the supposedly backward countries being subjected to European rule. Prior to the Spanish-American War (1898), the U.S. had avoided taking colonies, but in the war had seized multiple colonies from Spain, including the Philippines, where the U.S. Army was engaged in fighting an indigenous independence movement, actions increasingly unpopular with the American public. 35. Free-Soiler was an American political party that only survived through two presidential elections, in 1848 and 1852. Essentially a single issue party dedicated to stopping the spread of slavery to new states and territories in the West, it attracted a very dedicated following, but it had limited widespread appeal. 36. Popular sovereignty means that democratic government is BY THE PEOPLE AND FOR THE PEOPLE—for the benefit of the people, not for the benefit of those who govern in their name. · Government in a democracy is the SERVANT OF THE PEOPLE; it is not their master. 37. Dred Scott decision : A controversial ruling made by the Supreme Court in 1857, shortly before the outbreak of the Civil War. Dred Scott, a slave, sought to be declared a free man on the basis that he had lived for a time in a “free” territory with his master. 38. The Battle of Fort Sumter (April 12–14, 1861) was the bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter, near Charleston, South Carolina, that started the American Civil War.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 8 pages?